Särlvik, Ingegerd. Paths towards a stratified society: a study of economic, cultural and social formations in south-west Sweden during the Roman Iron Age and the migration period

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part 1: Introduction

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Archaeological Material And Previous Studies

1.3 The Concept Of Culture And The Evolution Of Complex Societies — A Discussion

Part 2 Economy And Settlement

2.1 Natural Conditions And Economic Potential

2.1.1 Introduction

2.1.2 Climate

2.1.3 The Topography And Geology Of South-west Sweden — A Survey

2.1.4 The Fertility Of The Soil

2.1.5 Vegetation In South-west Sweden

2.1.6 The Fauna Of South-west Sweden

2.1.7 Natural Milieux In South-west Sweden

2.2 Location Of Field Monuments And Archaeological Regions.

2.3 Means Of Subsistence And Possible Crafts

2.3.1 Arable Farming

2.3.2 Stock Raising

2.3.3 Food Gathering

2.3.4 Hunting

2.3.5 Fishing

2.3.6 Salt And Sugar

2.3.7 Textile Working

2.3.8 Metal Working

2.3.9 Pottery Manufacture

2.3.10 Wood-working, Leather-working And Manufacture Of Bone And Antler Objects

2.4 The Settlement Territories

2.4.1 Introduction

2.4.2 Southern Bohuslän

2.4.3 Varnhem

2.4.4 Käringsjön

2.5 Natural Resources And Patterns Of Settlement

2.6 Summary

Part 3: Culture

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Cultural Elements Of The Burial Customs

3.3 Cultural Elements In The Votive Deposits


1. Finnestorp, Larv And Trävattna Parishes.

2. Perstorp And Tåddestorp, Varola Parish.

3. Blackgården, Tidavad Parish.

4. Vännebo, Roasjö Parish.


5. Nederedsten, Kville Parish.

Storegården, Skarstad Parish

Hornborgasjön (lake Hornborga).

The River Tidan.

Bäckabo, Friggeråker Parish.

3.4 Cultural Elements In The Settlement Finds

3.5 Cultural Elements Linked To Artefacts

3.5.1 Gold Objects

3.5.2 Silver Objects

3.5.3 Bronze Objects

3.5.4 Objects Of Iron

3.5.5 Objects Of Amber

3.5.6 Objects Of Organic Material

3.5.7 Cultural Elements In Ceramics

3.6 Summary

Part 4 Social Formations

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Access To Basic Resources And Specialisation

4.3 Cultures And Social Formations

4.4 Chiefdoms And Tribal Societies

4.5 Evolution Into A Stratified Society

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: Paths towards a stratified society: a study of economic, cultural and social formations in south-west Sweden during the Roman Iron Age and the migration period

Published By: Stockholm: Institute of Archaeology at the University of Stockholm, 1982. 152 p.: ill., maps

By line: Ingegerd Särlvik

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Scandinavian Iron Age (E087)

Subjects: Food quest (220); Animal husbandry (230); Agriculture (240); Ceramic technology (323); Smiths and their crafts (326); Production and supply (433); Burial practices and funerals (764); Prayers and sacrifices (782);

Abstract: In this study Särlvik examines the archaeological record of southwest Sweden Roman Iron Age (AD 1-400) and Migration Period (400-600) to ascertain the kinds of social formations that existed in the region at that time. She takes a closer look at the artifacts, building constructions, and votive and burial customs from three specific areas: southern Bohuslän, central Västergötland, and south Halland provinces. The subsistence patterns varied with different combinations of farming, stockbreeding, fishing, hunting, and gathering. The evidence seems to point to household- or village-based manufacture of pottery and iron. Long distance trade was negligible (only 29 Roman objects over a six-century period.) Särlvik distinguishes between three different cultures in the region which were part of or connected to nearby cultures in Norway, Jutland, and southern Scandinavia.

Document Number: 4

Document ID: e087-004

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English with Swedish summary

Note: Swedish summary: p. 147-152. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Stockholm, 1982 Includes bibliographical references (p. 127-141) and index

Field Date: 1938-1977

Evaluation: Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: Ian Skoggard ; 2001

Coverage Date: 2000-1300 BP

Coverage Place: southwest Sweden

LCSH: Iron Age--Scandinavia


Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the links below to export the citation to your chosen bibliographic manager.

Export a Citation