The Palaeoeskimo occupations at Port Refuge, High Arctic Canada
Ottawa: National Museums of Canada, 1979. vii, 176 p.:
By line: Robert McGhee
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
HRAF, 2000. Computer File
Eastern Arctic Small Tool (N050)
Historical reconstruction (174);
Bone, horn, and shell technology (321);
Lithic industries (324);
Settlement patterns (361);
General tools (412);
Archaeological inventories (915);
This is a study of several archaeological sites at Port Refuge, a
small bay on the south coast of Grinnell Peninsula, Devon Island in
Nunavut of Canada. The author's archaeological fieldwork, which
took place between 1972-1977, uncovered several prehistoric occupational sites
in the area which have been ascribed to the Independence I, Pre-Dorset,
Independence II/early Dorset, late Dorset, and Thule cultures. The present
report describes the archaeological material relating to the early Arctic Small
Tool tradition occupations -- the Independence I and Pre-Dorset cultural phases.
“Five components are ascribed to an Independece I variant, and one to a
Pre-Dorset variant of the ASTt [Arctic Small Tool tradition]. The Independence I
components comprise between 13 and 31 discrete features, most of which appear to
have been single family tent dwellings of the midpassage form; faunal analysis
suggest that these dwellings were occupied for periods of time ranging from a
few days to a few weeks, by people who were engaged primarily in hunting ringed
seals, waterfowl and fox. The single Pre-Dorset component appears to represent a
more lengthy occupaiton, but the faunal remains suggest an economic orientation
similar to that of the Independence I people. A brief attempt is made to
understand the relationships between the Port Refuge people and Arctic Small
Tool tradition people in other Arctic areas, and to explain the nature of the
earliest occupation of the Port Refuge area” (p. iii).
Document ID: n050-002
English with summary in French
Summary in French.
Includes bibliographical references (p.
John Beierle ; 1998
4000 B.P. - 2200 B.P.
Grinnell Peninsula, Devon Island, Nunavut,