Allaire, Louis, 1946-. Later prehistory in Martinique and the Island Caribs: problems in ethnic identification

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Introduction

Caribs, Cannibals And Kalinas

The Carib Problem

Archaeological Background

Research Strategies

Ethnic Groups In History And Prehistory

Chapter Ii Some Ethnohistorical Problems

The Primary Sources

Distribution Of The Island Caribs

Settlement Patterns

Traditional Origins

The Linguistic Situation

Island Carib Ethnicity

Chapter Iii Island Carib Pottery


Shapes And Functions

Comparative Evidence

The Cassava Griddles

The Potters

Problems Of Ceramic Survivals

The Island Carib Ceramic Complex

Chapter Iv Martinique: The Land And Its People

The Landscape

History Of The Martinican Caribs

Period I: 1500 – 1635

Period Ii: 1635 – 1658

Period Iii: 1658 – 1730

Chapter V The Archaeological Work

Archaeological Research In Martinique

The Paquemar Excavations

The A-tout-risque Excavations

The Macabou Excavations

Area B Excavations

Area C Excavations

The L'espérance Excavations

Chapter Vi Organization Of The Archaeological Materials

Division Of The Assemblages

Pottery Classification In The Lesser Antilles

Analysis And Classification Of The Pottery

Types Vs. Modes And Attributes

Sherds Vs. Vessels

Decorated Vs. Plain Wares

Chapter Vii The Decorated Ware

Vessel Shape Classification

Classification Of The Assemblages

L'espérance (114 Vessels)

Paquemar (75 Vessels)

A-tout-risque (24 Vessels)

Macabou: Area C (12 Vessels)

Macabou: Level Iii (38 Vessels)

Macabou: Level I&ii (45 Vessels)

Definition Of The Decoration Modes

Analysis Of The Decoration Modes





Chapter Viii The Plain Ware

Definition Of Modes And Attributes

Attribute Analysis Of The Assemblages


Paquemar (51 Specimens)

A-tout-risque (51 Specimens)

Macabou: Level Iii (35 Specimens)

Macabou: Level Ii (136 Specimens)

Macabou: Level I (48 Specimens)

Macabou: Area C (98 Specimens)

Chapter Ix The Griddles

Classification Of The Griddle Shapes

Attribute Analysis Of The Griddle Collection

L'espérance (38 Specimens)

Paquemar (28 Specimens)

A-tout-risque (18 Specimens)

Macabou: Level I (21 Specimens)

Macabou: Level Ii (19 Specimens)

Macabou: Level Iii (14 Specimens)

Macabou: Area C (18 Specimens)

Description Of The Griddle Legs

Pots And Griddles

Chapter X Independent Pottery Features





Chapter Xi Non-pottery Artifacts


Ceramic Industry

Shell Industry

Stone Industry


Ceramic Industry

Shell Industry


Ceramic Industry

Shell Industry

Stone Industry


Ceramic Industry

Bone Industry

Shell Industry

Stone Industry

Chapter Xii The Post Saladoid Complexes Of Martinique And Their Chronology

L'espérance Complex

Paquemar Complex

Macabou Complex

Cultural Affiliations

Broader Cultural Integration

Chronological Correlations

Chapter Xiii Late Prehistoric Changes

The Migration Theories

Exterior Influences

Ethnic Change In Martinique And The Lesser Antilles

Chapter Xiv Ethnic Correlations

Evaluation Of The Continuities

Culture Historical Implications

Concluding Remarks

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Later prehistory in Martinique and the Island Caribs: problems in ethnic identification

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International. 1977 [1998 copy]. xvii, 378 p., [plates not included] ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Louis Allaire

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Late Caribbean (S051)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This study investigates the later or post-Saladoid (1400 B.P.- 550 B.P.) archaeology of the island of Martinique, part of the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, with a special emphasis on the problem of correlating the latest prehistoric peoples of the island with their early historic inhabitants, the Island Caribs. Three post-Saladoid complexes are defined: L‘Espérance (1400 B.P.-1250 B.P.) and Paquemar (1250 B.P.-900 B.P.), both belonging to a Troumassoid series, and Macabou (900 B.P.-550 B.P.) which belongs to a Suazoid series. The archaeological evidence clearly indicates that the developments are the result of indigenous processes responsible for a highly distinctive pottery, despite influences from the coastal Venezuela and the Greater Antilles, but none or little from the coast of the Guianas. No prehistoric migration, as alleged in the traditions of the Caribs, is suggested in the evidence (p. i).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. s051-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM 77-27,048 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Yale University, 1977 Includes bibliographical references (p. 379-397) The 32 plates are not included

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1971-1974

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1999

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. 1400 BP-550 BP (600 A.D.-1450 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Martinique

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Caribbean Area -- Antiquities


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