Anderson, Patricia C.. Harvesting of wild cereals during the Natufian as seen from experimental cultivation and harvest of wild Einkorn wheat and microwear analysis of stone tools

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Harvesting Of Wild Cereals During The Natufian As Seen From Experimental Cultivation And Harvest Of Wild Einkorn Wheat And Microwear Analysis Of Stone Tools

Introduction

Cereal Exploitation: Data From Archaeobotany And Material Culture

Archaeobotanical Studies

Domestication By Unconscious Selection

Interpreting Data From Material Culture: Previous Study Of Natufian Tool Function

Use Of Microliths As Weapon Armatures

Tools Used For Wild Plant Harvesting

The Question Of Soil Preparation

Causes Of So-called “sickle Gloss”

Chemical Analysis Of Residues: An Avenue For Future Research

Groundstone Tools

The Experiments At Jalès

Goals Of Experiments

Source Of Seed Stock And Location Of Experiments

Experimental Tools Used

Data Recorded In The Field Experiments Concerning Harvesting

Summary Of Experimental Results

Planting Time And Techniques

Attributes Of Harvested Product

Viability Of Grains

Humidity

Harvesting Without Sickles

Harvesting With Sickles

Harvest At Different Stages Of Maturity

Harvesting Rate

Height Of Harvest

Microwear Traces

Striations: Factors And Contexts Influencing Their Occurrence

Possible Cultivation Techniques Of Wild Cereals

Humidity Of Stems At Harvest: Height Of Harvest, Or State Of Maturity?

Explanations For Differences In Amount And Distribution Of Sickle Gloss

Study Of Natufian Plant-harvesting Tools

Sampling Of Archaeological Tools For The Present Study

Sample Attributes

Hayonim Terrace

Abu Hureyra

Mureybet Natufian And Epi-natufian

Results Of The Study Of Archaeological Artefacts

Overall Characteristics

Natufian Of Hayonim Terrace

Harvesting Tools From The Abu Hureyra Epipalaeolithic

Mureybet Natufian And Epi-natufian Harvesting Tools

Limitations Of The Representativity Of The Sample

Discussion

Transition In Harvesting And Processing Techniques

Cereal-gathering And A Possible Early Cultivation Strategy

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Title: Harvesting of wild cereals during the Natufian as seen from experimental cultivation and harvest of wild Einkorn wheat and microwear analysis of stone tools

Published in: The Natufian culture in the Levant, edited by Ofer Bar-Yosef & François R. Valla

Published By: The Natufian culture in the Levant, edited by Ofer Bar-Yosef & François R. Valla Ann Arbor, Mich.: International Monographs in Prehistory, 1991. 521-552 p.: ill.

By line: Patricia C. Anderson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Epipaleolithic (M080)

Subjects: Experimental data (1213); Laboratory analysis of materials other than dating methods in archaeology (1212); Collecting (222); Flora (137);

Abstract: Anderson conducted experimental field work using replicated stone tools to harvest wild cereals grown on experimental plots in France. The plots have been growing for several years without any human assistance. The stone tools were then examined for microscopic use-traces using the high power analysis approach of L.H. Keeley and a SEM for some. The experimental tools were then compared to sickle blades from several Natufian sites to 'discuss the likelihood of various strategies of wild cereal exploitation during the Natufian, with or without cultivation.' (page 521).

Document Number: 42

Document ID: m080-042

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Field Date: 1985-1989 for field experiments

Evaluation: Archaeologist-4

Analyst: Sarah Berry; 2007

Coverage Date: 10,000-8,000 BC (12,000 BP- 10,000 BP)

Coverage Place: Abu Hureyra and Mureybet, Syria and Hayonim Terrace, Israel

LCSH: Natufian culture/Middle East--Antiquities

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