Adams, Robert McCormick, 1926-. Heartland of cities: surveys of ancient settlement and land use on the central floodplain of the Euphrates

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1 Water, Land, And Life

River And Alluvium

Local Climate And Vegetation

An Overview Of Major Watercourse Succession Patterns

Effects Of Human Agencies

Features Of A Premodern Euphrates Landscape

2 The Recovery Of Ancient Settlement And Irrigation Patterns

Maps, Air Photographs, And Their Interpretation

Boundaries Of Survey Coverage

Reconnaissance Sequence, Procedures, And Effectiveness

Site Survey, Collections, And Dating

Reinterpretation Of Lower Diyala Canal Patterns

Major Limitations Of This Survey As A Source For Settlement History

3 Urban Origins (ubaid-early Dynastic I Periods)

Onset Of Alluvial Settlement

Mass Appearance Of Sedentary Cultivators Around Regionally Differentiated Hierarchies Of Urban Centers

The First Urban Climax

Appendix A The Survey Data Base: Uruk-early Dynastic I Sites, Collections, And Chronological Indicators

Ubaid And Pre-ubaid Periods

Uruk Period

Jemdet Nasr Period

Early Dynastic I Period

Appendix B A Growth-simulation Program

Technical Aspects

The Problem

The Algorithm

The Results

4 Integration And Fragmentation Under Successive, Contending Dynasties (early Dynastic Ii-middle Babylonian Periods)

Urban Hierarchies And Continuity

Upper And Lower Limits Of Settlement, And Associated Patterns Of Land Use

The Shifting Network Of Watercourses And Settlements

Appendix The Survey Data Base: Late Early Dynastic-middle Babylonian Sites And Chronological Indicators

Late Early Dynastic Period (early Dynastic Ii–iii)

Akkadian Period

Ur Iii-isin-larsa Period

Old Babylonian Period

Cassite Period

Middle Babylonian Period

5 Culmination And Collapse Of An Agrarian Base And Urban Superstructure (neo-babylonian-late Islamic Periods)

An Overview Of Local Demographic And Settlement Trends

Changing Agricultural And Fiscal Management

The Neo-babylonian And Achaemenian Periods (ca. 700–330 B.c.)

The Seleucid-parthian Period (ca. 330 B.c.–a.d. 226)

The Sasanian Period (a.d. 226–637 )

The Islamic Period (post –a.d. 637)

Appendix The Survey Data Base: Neo-babylonian-late Islamic Sites And Chronological Indicators

Neo-babylonian, Achaemenian And Seleucid-parthian Periods

Sasanian Period

Islamic Period

Conclusion

Ancient Mesopotamia As An Irrigation Society

Ancient Mesopotamia As An Urban Society

7 General Site Catalog

Other Relevant Sites In The Region

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Heartland of cities: surveys of ancient settlement and land use on the central floodplain of the Euphrates

Published By: Original publisher Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1981. xx, 1-294, 346-362 p. [incomplete] ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Robert McC. Adams

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Early Dynastic Mesopotamia (MH64)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Topography and geology (133); Water supply (312); Settlement patterns (361); Urban and rural life (369); Chronologies and culture sequences (911); Archaeological inventories (915);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Adams describes the Mesopotamian environment, his surface survey, and its results in this pivitol study on the settlement patterns in Mesopotamia and the Diyala region. Adams' book describes settlements and traces some of the ancient canals and river courses from the Ubaid Period up through the Late Islamic Periods. However, only materials that pertain to the Early Dynastic Period were indexed for Outline of Cultural Materials (OCM) codes. Adams' survey results help to show the urbanization of the area during the Early Dynastic Period, settlement hierarchies, other settlement shifts and land use patterns. He also explores the reasons for the instability of irrigation agriculture in this area; such as the need for a stable central government (an idea that some other authors would dispute - see 3: D'iakonov ) and the problems with salinization of the soil. Adams' book also includes a general site catalog. It provides information on the size of the site, the kind of artifacts found at the sites and the sites' probable time period(s).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. mh64-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 353-360) and index Appendix, pages 295-345, will be found in 11:Wright

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document mainly Nov. 1968 to Dec 1975; also 1956-1957, the early 1960's, and a little in 1967

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 2001

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 4900 BP-4334 BP (2900 B.C.-2334 B.C.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Mesopotamia; Iraq

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Iraq--Civilization--To 634

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