Aigner, Jean S.. The lithic remains from Anangula, an 8,500 year old Aleut coastal village

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 General Features Of The Aleutian Area And Its Inhabitants

I. Introduction

Ii. Distribution And Characteristics Of The Islands And Western Alaska Peninsula

Iii. Physical Characteristics Of Aleuts And Their Population System

Iv. Aleut Origins

Chapter 3 Archaeological Investigation Of The Anangula Unifacial, Core And Blade Site

I. Introduction

Ii. Geological Considerations

Iii. Anangula Occupation

A. Size Of The Occupation And Distribution Of The Tools

B. Character Of The Occupation And Size Of The Settlement

C. Subsistence

D. Raw Materials And Site Location

Iv. Lithic Remains From The Anangula Unifacial, Core And Blade Site

A. Background To The Study

Blades And Ridged (blade-like) Flakes

B. Weighted Hierarchy

Pointed Tools

Whole Unpointed Blades With Marginal Retouch Along Lateral Margins - Ia1b

Tools Made On Transverse Segments - Ia1c

Broken Segments Of Tools - Ia1d

Tools Made On Non-regular Flakes - Ib1e

Core Platform Tablets And Flakes - Ibb3

Detrital Materials - Ii

Other Tools - Iii

C. Description Of Artifacts: Unretouched, Non-utilized Blades, Flakes, Cores And Non-core Debris

Blades And Flakes

Cores - Ic

Non-core Debris — Ii

D. Description Of Artifacts: Retouched And Utilized Blades And Flakes (ia1, Ia2 And Flake Types)

Pointed Tools

Unpointed Tools With Marginal Retouch Or Use

Tools Made On Transverse Segments Of Blades And Flakes

Fragments Of Tools

Other Tools

E. Description Of Artifacts: Tools Not Derived From Cores Or Core Products — Iii

Grooved And Plain Pumice And Scoria Smoothing And Sharpening Stones — Iiia

Pebbles With Polished Facets And Abraded Ends, The Result Of Grinding And Pounding Ochre — Iiib

Split Pebbles With Use Traces At The Jagged, Split End — Iiic

Large Pebbles With End Crushing — Iiid

Small Pebble Net Or Line Weights — Iiie

Pallets — Iiif

Carved Lamps And Bowls — Iiig

Incised Stones — Iiih

F. Summary Of Blade And Flake Tools, Including Shape And Use Characteristics, And Inferred Use Of Function For Several Forms (table 18)

Distribution Of Tools Within The Excavation

Proportions Of Tools On Regular Blanks

Tools In Each Blank Class

Chapter 4 Summary And Model Of Aleut Origins

I. Limitations On Intersite Comparisons

Ii. Anangula And Chaluka

Iii. Model Of Aleut Origins

Period I. Events Prior To 15,000 Years Ago

Period Ii. Events Of 15,000 To 10,000 Years Ago

Period Iii. Events Later Than 6,000 Years Ago

Iv Summary

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The lithic remains from Anangula, an 8,500 year old Aleut coastal village

Published By: Original publisher Tübingen: Archaeologica Venatoria : Institut für Urgeschichte der Universität Tübingen. 1978. ix, 223 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Jean S. Aigner

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Late Tundra (NA45)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Organization and analysis of results of research (128); Laboratory analysis of materials other than dating methods in archaeology (1212); Ontogenetic data (145); Lithic industries (324); General tools (412); Cultural stratigraphy (912); Typologies and classifications (914);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Aigner analyzed the Anangula lithic material excavated in 1963 by the University of Wisconsin, Department of Anthropology. Anangula was a year-round base village of sea mammal hunters and fishers. This study is an in-depth, etiological analysis of the lithic remains. Most of the lithic remains were cores and blades. One surprising finding concerns left-handedness. 'There is ethnographic information that Aleuts accommodated left-handed individuals by producing tools … specificially for the left-handed. They … did not make an effort to change people over to right-handedness … The high proportion of apparent left-handedness reflected in the spalls and blanks at Anangula is of considerable interest in this respect.' (page 123).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. na45-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 220-223)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 2000

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 8750 BP - 8250 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Anangula; Aleutian Islands, Alaska, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Paleo-Indian--Alaska

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