Aigner, Jean S.. The lithic remains from Anangula, an 8,500 year old Aleut coastal village

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 General Features Of The Aleutian Area And Its Inhabitants

I. Introduction

Ii. Distribution And Characteristics Of The Islands And Western Alaska Peninsula

Iii. Physical Characteristics Of Aleuts And Their Population System

Iv. Aleut Origins

Chapter 3 Archaeological Investigation Of The Anangula Unifacial, Core And Blade Site

I. Introduction

Ii. Geological Considerations

Iii. Anangula Occupation

A. Size Of The Occupation And Distribution Of The Tools

B. Character Of The Occupation And Size Of The Settlement

C. Subsistence

D. Raw Materials And Site Location

Iv. Lithic Remains From The Anangula Unifacial, Core And Blade Site

A. Background To The Study

Blades And Ridged (blade-like) Flakes

B. Weighted Hierarchy

Pointed Tools

Whole Unpointed Blades With Marginal Retouch Along Lateral Margins - Ia1b

Tools Made On Transverse Segments - Ia1c

Broken Segments Of Tools - Ia1d

Tools Made On Non-regular Flakes - Ib1e

Core Platform Tablets And Flakes - Ibb3

Detrital Materials - Ii

Other Tools - Iii

C. Description Of Artifacts: Unretouched, Non-utilized Blades, Flakes, Cores And Non-core Debris

Blades And Flakes

Cores - Ic

Non-core Debris — Ii

D. Description Of Artifacts: Retouched And Utilized Blades And Flakes (ia1, Ia2 And Flake Types)

Pointed Tools

Unpointed Tools With Marginal Retouch Or Use

Tools Made On Transverse Segments Of Blades And Flakes

Fragments Of Tools

Other Tools

E. Description Of Artifacts: Tools Not Derived From Cores Or Core Products — Iii

Grooved And Plain Pumice And Scoria Smoothing And Sharpening Stones — Iiia

Pebbles With Polished Facets And Abraded Ends, The Result Of Grinding And Pounding Ochre — Iiib

Split Pebbles With Use Traces At The Jagged, Split End — Iiic

Large Pebbles With End Crushing — Iiid

Small Pebble Net Or Line Weights — Iiie

Pallets — Iiif

Carved Lamps And Bowls — Iiig

Incised Stones — Iiih

F. Summary Of Blade And Flake Tools, Including Shape And Use Characteristics, And Inferred Use Of Function For Several Forms (table 18)

Distribution Of Tools Within The Excavation

Proportions Of Tools On Regular Blanks

Tools In Each Blank Class

Chapter 4 Summary And Model Of Aleut Origins

I. Limitations On Intersite Comparisons

Ii. Anangula And Chaluka

Iii. Model Of Aleut Origins

Period I. Events Prior To 15,000 Years Ago

Period Ii. Events Of 15,000 To 10,000 Years Ago

Period Iii. Events Later Than 6,000 Years Ago

Iv Summary

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: The lithic remains from Anangula, an 8,500 year old Aleut coastal village

Published By: Tübingen: Archaeologica Venatoria : Institut für Urgeschichte der Universität Tübingen, 1978. ix, 223 p.: ill., maps

By line: Jean S. Aigner

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Late Tundra (NA45)

Subjects: Organization and analysis of results of research (128); Laboratory analysis of materials other than dating methods in archaeology (1212); Ontogenetic data (145); Lithic industries (324); General tools (412); Cultural stratigraphy (912); Typologies and classifications (914);

Abstract: Aigner analyzed the Anangula lithic material excavated in 1963 by the University of Wisconsin, Department of Anthropology. Anangula was a year-round base village of sea mammal hunters and fishers. This study is an in-depth, etiological analysis of the lithic remains. Most of the lithic remains were cores and blades. One surprising finding concerns left-handedness. 'There is ethnographic information that Aleuts accommodated left-handed individuals by producing tools ... specificially for the left-handed. They ... did not make an effort to change people over to right-handedness ... The high proportion of apparent left-handedness reflected in the spalls and blanks at Anangula is of considerable interest in this respect.' (page 123).

Document Number: 2

Document ID: na45-002

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 220-223)

Field Date: no date

Evaluation: Archaeologist-4

Analyst: Sarah Berry ; 2000

Coverage Date: 8750 B.P. - 8250 B.P.

Coverage Place: Anangula; Aleutian Islands, Alaska, United States

LCSH: Paleo-Indian--Alaska

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