Anderson, Douglas D.. Onion Portage: an archaeological site on the Kobuk River, northwestern Alaska

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Introduction: Onion Portage Analysis

Ecological Considerations

Cultural Historical Considerations

Man-animal-habitat Interactions At Onion Portage

Chapter 2 Terminology And Research Aims

Spatial And Spatio-temporal Terms.

Temporal Terms

Relational Terms

Chapter 3 Ethnographic Background To Onion Portage

Subsistence Patterns.

Subsistence Technology


Chapter 4 History Of Excavations

The Onion Portage Site


Stratigraphy Of The Onion Portage Site: Summary

Chapter 5 Early Man In Northwestern Alaska

Speculations And Geological Setting

Conditions Suitable For Early Human Occupation In Alaska

Paleohabitats In Northwestern Alaska: Data From Glacial History

Paleohabitats In Northwestern Alaska: Paleontological Evidence

Paleohabitat Of Northwestern Alaska: Palynological Data

The Search For Early Man Sites In Northwestern Alaska

Chapter 6 Akmak, Kobuk, And The American Paleo-arctic Tradition


Description Of The Akmak Locality

Description Of The Akmak Assemblage.

Kobuk Complex

Description Of The Kobuk Assemblage

The American Paleo-arctic Tradition: Summary

Chapter 7 Palisades-portage Complexes And The Northern Archaic Tradition

The Phases Of The Northern Archaic Tradition

Description Of The Palisades And Portage Assemblages

Rare Forms

The Northern Archaic Tradition: Summary

Chapter 8 The Onion Portage Denbigh Flint Complex

Descriptions Of The Denbigh Assemblages



Food Preparation


Hide Preparation

Wood, Bone, Antler, And Ivory Processing

Denbigh Flint Occupations At Onion Portage: Summary

Chapter 9 Interior Choris Culture

The Onion Portage Interior Choris Assemblages

Choris Occupations At Onion Portage: Summary

Chapter 10 Onion Portage Norton-ipiutak Complexes

The Norton-ipiutak Assemblages From Onion Portage


Chapter 11 Itkillik Complex

Description Of The Itkillik Assemblages


Chapter 12 Arctic Woodland Culture

Chapter 13 Spatial Analysis Of The Onion Portage Cultural Complexes



Itkillik Complex

Norton — Ipiutak Complex

Interior Choris Complex

Denbigh Flint Complex

Northern Archaic Tradition

Kobuk Complex

Chapter 14 Onion Portage In The Context Of North Alaskan Prehistory

Concluding Remarks

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Onion Portage: an archaeological site on the Kobuk River, northwestern Alaska

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Anthropological papers of the University of Alaska. -- vol. 22, no. 1-2

Published By: Original publisher Anthropological papers of the University of Alaska. -- vol. 22, no. 1-2 Fairbanks, Alaska: University of Alaska Press. 1988. xi, 163 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Douglas D. Anderson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Paleo-Arctic (ND60)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Geography (130); Cultural stratigraphy (912); Archaeological excavation methods (1210); Lithic industries (324); Weapons (411); General tools (412);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Anderson writes about the his and J. L. Giddings research and excavations at the deeply stratified site of Onion Portage in Alaska. Although the preservation of bone and other preishable materials was not good at the site, it has good stratigraphy, dates, and lithic artifacts from the last 10,000 years. This allowed Alaskan archaeologists to first date many cultural traditions. Anderson describes the excavations, stratigraphy, past environment, and findings (mostly lithic artifacts, but also some bone) from the Paleo-Arctic tradition (Akmak and Kobuk) through the Itkillik Complex of 1000 years ago. Only the data that pertain to the Paleo-Arctic tradition were indexed for OCM (Outline of Cultural Materials) subjects.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 5

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nd60-005

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 153-163)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1961 and 1963-1970 at the site of Onion Portage; 1970-1973 in the area surrounding Onion Portage

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2007

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 10,000 BP-8,000 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Onion Portage, Alaska, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Paleo-Indians


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