Anderson, David G., 1949-. The Savannah River chiefdoms: political change in the late prehistoric Southeast

Table of Contents

Publication Information

The Savannah River Chiefdoms

1 Political Evolution And Cycling

The Relationship Of Cycling To The Chiefdom Concept

A Definition Of Cycling

Why Explore Cycling?

2 The Causes Of Cycling

Developmental Trajectories

Mechanisms Maintaining Elite Authority Structures

Tribute Mobilization And Control Of Surplus

Patterns Of Population Growth


Factional Competition

Succession To Chiefdomship

Environmental Constraints

Territorial Boundary Maintenance

Information Management

Population Movement


3 Mississippian Political Change Evidence From Ethnohistoric Accounts

The Nature Of The Documentary Data Base

Initial Contact (circa 1500 To 1539)

The De Soto Entrada (1539 To 1543)

Later 16th-century Accounts

Contributions From Ethnohistoric Research: Understanding Mississippian Political Change

Regional Political Structure

Settlement Hierarchies And Tributary Networks

Ideological And Secular Authority Structures

Succession To The Chieftainship

Marriage And Postmarital Residence

The Identification Of Territories And Boundaries

Information Management And Decision-making Hierarchies


Factional Competition

The Importance Of Early Southeastern Accounts To The Study Of Mississippian Political Change

4 Mississippian Political Change Evidence From Archaeological Research

Definitions Of Mississippian Culture

The Archaeological Recognition Of Chiefdoms

The Archaeological Analysis Of Political Change In The Late Prehistoric Southeast

Regional Political Structure

Settlement And Decision-making Hierarchies

Tributary Networks

Succession And Postmarital Residence

Environmental Constraints

The Identification Of Territories And Boudaries


Factional Competition

Ideological And Secular Authority Structures

Case Studies Of Chiefly Cycling

The Cahokia Polity

The Moundville Polity

The Coosa Polity


5 Evidence For Mississippian Occupation In The Savannah River Valley

Mississippian Archaeological Investigations In The Savannah River Valley

Mississippian Survey Coverage In The Savannah River Valley

Excavation Assemblages: The Mound Centers

Haven Home


Hudson's Ferry Mounds

Red Lake

The Lawton Mound Group


Mason's Plantation


Beaverdam Creek Mound And Village





I. C. Few

Excavation Assemblages: Nonmound Sites

Rucker's Bottom (9eb91)

Clyde Gulley

Simpson's Field (38an8)

Beaverdam Site Group

Big Generostee Creek

Rufus Bullard

Van Creek

6 The Record Of Political Change In The Savannah River Chiefdoms

Evidence From The Mound Centers

Evidence From General Survey Data

Evidence From Specific Localities

The Savannah River Site

The Richard B. Russell Reservoir

Oglethorpe County Clear-cut Tracts

7 Political Change In The Savannah River Chiefdoms Environmental Factors

The Effects Of Local And Regional Physiographic Structure

The Formation And Maintenance Of Mississippian Buffer Zones

Theoretical Considerations

Projectile Point Distributions

Extralocal Lithic Raw Material Distributions

The Effects Of Climatic Change As Measured By Dendrochronology

Theoretical Considerations

Paleoclimatic Analyses In The Savannah River Area

Modeling Stored Food Supplies In The Savannah River Chiefdoms

The Effect Of Climate On The Santa Elena Colony

The Effect Of Climatic Factors On Mississippian Occupations In The Savannah River Basin

Political Change And Climate: Lessons From The Savannah River Valley

8 Political Change In The Savannah River Chiefdoms Events At Particular Sites And General Trends

Evidence From Particular Sites

Irene (9ch1)

Hollywood (9ri1)

Beaverdam Creek (9eb85)

Rucker's Bottom (9eb91)

Chauga (38oc47)

Tugalo (9st1)

Estatoe (9st3)

General Trends Associated With Organizational Change At Mississippian Sites In The Savannah River Basin

Council Houses And Political Change

Fortifications And Political Change

Mortuary Behavior And Political Change

Paleobiological Evidence For Political Change

Paleosubsistence Evidence For Political Change

9 Exploring Political Change In Chiefdom Society

Investigating Cycling

Lessons From The Savannah River Chiefdoms

Why Was The Savannah River Basin Abandoned?

Cycling And The Evolution Of Organizational Complexity In The Eastern Woodlands

Final Remarks

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Savannah River chiefdoms: political change in the late prehistoric Southeast

Published By: Original publisher Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. 1994. xvii, 459 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication David G. Anderson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Mississippian (NP60)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Historical reconstruction (174); Ceramic technology (323); Miscellaneous structures (349); Visual arts (5311); Chronologies and culture sequences (911); Cultural stratigraphy (912);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The emergence and collapse of complex chiefdoms amid a regional landscape of simple chiefdoms, or what Anderson refers to as 'cycling', is caused by a wide range of factors which are explored in this monograph as they apply to a number of Savannah River chiefdoms of the Mississippian tradition (1100 B.P.-500 B.P. or 900 A.D. -1500 A.D). Emphasis is placed on political changes taking place during this period as environmental, ethnographic, and archaeological contributing factors are examined in detail. Two appendices, provide early historic accounts of Mississippian centers in the Savannah River basin (Appendix A), and Mississippian cultural sequences in the Savannah River valley (Appendix B).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. np60-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Originally presented as author's dissertation (doctoral--University of Michigan, 1990) Includes bibliographical references (p. [379]-446) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1985-1990

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 2005

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1100 BP-500 BP (900 A.D.-1500 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Savannah River chiefdoms, southeastern United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Mississippian culture


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