Anderson, David G., 1949-. The Savannah River chiefdoms: political change in the late prehistoric Southeast

Table of Contents

Publication Information

The Savannah River Chiefdoms

1 Political Evolution And Cycling

The Relationship Of Cycling To The Chiefdom Concept

A Definition Of Cycling

Why Explore Cycling?

2 The Causes Of Cycling

Developmental Trajectories

Mechanisms Maintaining Elite Authority Structures

Tribute Mobilization And Control Of Surplus

Patterns Of Population Growth

Warfare

Factional Competition

Succession To Chiefdomship

Environmental Constraints

Territorial Boundary Maintenance

Information Management

Population Movement

Conclusions

3 Mississippian Political Change Evidence From Ethnohistoric Accounts

The Nature Of The Documentary Data Base

Initial Contact (circa 1500 To 1539)

The De Soto Entrada (1539 To 1543)

Later 16th-century Accounts

Contributions From Ethnohistoric Research: Understanding Mississippian Political Change

Regional Political Structure

Settlement Hierarchies And Tributary Networks

Ideological And Secular Authority Structures

Succession To The Chieftainship

Marriage And Postmarital Residence

The Identification Of Territories And Boundaries

Information Management And Decision-making Hierarchies

Warfare

Factional Competition

The Importance Of Early Southeastern Accounts To The Study Of Mississippian Political Change

4 Mississippian Political Change Evidence From Archaeological Research

Definitions Of Mississippian Culture

The Archaeological Recognition Of Chiefdoms

The Archaeological Analysis Of Political Change In The Late Prehistoric Southeast

Regional Political Structure

Settlement And Decision-making Hierarchies

Tributary Networks

Succession And Postmarital Residence

Environmental Constraints

The Identification Of Territories And Boudaries

Warfare

Factional Competition

Ideological And Secular Authority Structures

Case Studies Of Chiefly Cycling

The Cahokia Polity

The Moundville Polity

The Coosa Polity

Conclusions

5 Evidence For Mississippian Occupation In The Savannah River Valley

Mississippian Archaeological Investigations In The Savannah River Valley

Mississippian Survey Coverage In The Savannah River Valley

Excavation Assemblages: The Mound Centers

Haven Home

Irene

Hudson's Ferry Mounds

Red Lake

The Lawton Mound Group

Hollywood

Mason's Plantation

Rembert

Beaverdam Creek Mound And Village

Tate

Tugalo

Estatoe

Chauga

I. C. Few

Excavation Assemblages: Nonmound Sites

Rucker's Bottom (9eb91)

Clyde Gulley

Simpson's Field (38an8)

Beaverdam Site Group

Big Generostee Creek

Rufus Bullard

Van Creek

6 The Record Of Political Change In The Savannah River Chiefdoms

Evidence From The Mound Centers

Evidence From General Survey Data

Evidence From Specific Localities

The Savannah River Site

The Richard B. Russell Reservoir

Oglethorpe County Clear-cut Tracts

7 Political Change In The Savannah River Chiefdoms Environmental Factors

The Effects Of Local And Regional Physiographic Structure

The Formation And Maintenance Of Mississippian Buffer Zones

Theoretical Considerations

Projectile Point Distributions

Extralocal Lithic Raw Material Distributions

The Effects Of Climatic Change As Measured By Dendrochronology

Theoretical Considerations

Paleoclimatic Analyses In The Savannah River Area

Modeling Stored Food Supplies In The Savannah River Chiefdoms

The Effect Of Climate On The Santa Elena Colony

The Effect Of Climatic Factors On Mississippian Occupations In The Savannah River Basin

Political Change And Climate: Lessons From The Savannah River Valley

8 Political Change In The Savannah River Chiefdoms Events At Particular Sites And General Trends

Evidence From Particular Sites

Irene (9ch1)

Hollywood (9ri1)

Beaverdam Creek (9eb85)

Rucker's Bottom (9eb91)

Chauga (38oc47)

Tugalo (9st1)

Estatoe (9st3)

General Trends Associated With Organizational Change At Mississippian Sites In The Savannah River Basin

Council Houses And Political Change

Fortifications And Political Change

Mortuary Behavior And Political Change

Paleobiological Evidence For Political Change

Paleosubsistence Evidence For Political Change

9 Exploring Political Change In Chiefdom Society

Investigating Cycling

Lessons From The Savannah River Chiefdoms

Why Was The Savannah River Basin Abandoned?

Cycling And The Evolution Of Organizational Complexity In The Eastern Woodlands

Final Remarks

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information

Author:

Title: The Savannah River chiefdoms: political change in the late prehistoric Southeast

Published By: Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1994. xvii, 459 p.: ill., maps

By line: David G. Anderson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Mississippian (NP60)

Subjects: Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Historical reconstruction (174); Ceramic technology (323); Miscellaneous structures (349); Visual arts (5311); Chronologies and culture sequences (911); Cultural stratigraphy (912);

Abstract: The emergence and collapse of complex chiefdoms amid a regional landscape of simple chiefdoms, or what Anderson refers to as 'cycling', is caused by a wide range of factors which are explored in this monograph as they apply to a number of Savannah River chiefdoms of the Mississippian tradition (1100 B.P.-500 B.P. or 900 A.D. -1500 A.D). Emphasis is placed on political changes taking place during this period as environmental, ethnographic, and archaeological contributing factors are examined in detail. Two appendices, provide early historic accounts of Mississippian centers in the Savannah River basin (Appendix A), and Mississippian cultural sequences in the Savannah River valley (Appendix B).

Document Number: 1

Document ID: np60-001

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: Originally presented as author's dissertation (doctoral--University of Michigan, 1990).

Field Date: 1985-1990

Evaluation: Archaeologist-4

Analyst: John Beierle ; 2005

Coverage Date: 1100 BP-500 BP (900 A.D.-1500 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Savannah River chiefdoms, southeastern United States

LCSH: Mississippian culture

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