Abbott, David R.. Ceramics and community organization among the Hohokam

Table of Contents

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Ceramics And Community Organization Among The Hohokam

1 Peering Into The Reflections

Layers Of Theory

Layer 1: Irrigation And Social Evolution

Layer 2: Community Studies

Layer 3: A Strategy For Hohokam Community Studies

Connecting The Layers

A Context For Research

2 Environmental And Cultural Background

Hohokam Canal Systems

Historical Growth And Development In Canal System 2

3 Hohokam Social Organization

The Settlement Approach For Studying Social Organization

The Current Model Of Hohokam Social Organization

Primary Groups

Residential Community

Political Communities


Limitations And Problems Of Approaches

Alternative Conceptions Concerning Irrigation Management

Two Alternatives

Summary Of Alternative Ideas

4 Projects At Pueblo Grande And Elsewhere

Pueblo Grande


Relative Temporal Ordering Of Features

Analytical Steps

Ceramic Seriation Of Architectural And Pit Features

Assigning Phases To Features

Other Projects

Casa Buena And Grand Canal Ruins

Pueblo Salado

Pueblo Viejo

5 Establishing The Geographic Source Of Temper

Geologic Mapping

Ceramic Petrographic Analysis

Associating Temper With Sand Composition Zones

Petrographic Results And Ceramic Typology

Diagnostics For Rapid Identification

Additional Analysis Of Redware

Salado Polychrome

Precise Provenance

6 Chemical Assays Of Ceramic Clay Factions

Previous Work


Electron Microprobe Analysis

Microprobe Methodology

Data Screening And Transformation

Statistical Methods And Results

Bowl-jar Differences

Reference Group Comparisons

Production Sources For “unknowns” At Pueblo Grande

Micaceous Schist “unknowns”

Redware Summary

Ideal Conditions For Sourcing Pottery

7 Vessel-form And Technological Variation At Pueblo Grande

The Sample

Analysis Of Vessel Forms

Utilitarian Equivalency

Vessel Forms By Production Source And Phase

Redware Vessel Forms

Plainware Vessel Forms

Pedware Technology, Production, And Exchange

8 A Model Of Hohokam Ceramic Production And Exchange

Modes Of Ceramic Production


Salado Polychrome


Social Significance Of Ceramic Exchange

Spheres Of Exchange

Exchange Value

Plainware And Redware Production Costs

Plainware And Redware Utility

Plainware And Redware Social Value


Stylistic Indicators Of Group Membership

9 Canal System 2 And Classic Period Communities

Classic Period Exchange Networks

Casa Buena And Grand Canal Ruins

Pueblo Viejo

Pueblo Grande

Pueblo Salado

Preliminary Inferences

The Organization Of Plainware Producers

Plainware Technological Data And Analysis Procedures

Affinities Between Plainware Producers

Canals And Social Networks

10 Social Change At Pueblo Grande

Initial Hypothesis

Test Implications

Data And Procedures



Civano Phase

Polvorón Phase

Village Integration

Horizontal And Vertical Differentiation

Southwestern Cult

Sociopolitical Hierarchy




11 A Trial Model Of Sociopolitical Change

The Historical And Ecological Context For Organizational Change

Social And Natural Changes

Consequences During The Classic Period

Platform Mounds

Trial Model

Early Classic Period

Communal Cult

Ancestor Cult

Late Classic Period

Loose Ends

What Might Have Been

12 Layers Of Understanding

Hohokam Ceramic Studies

Beyond Description

New And Useful Ideas

A Basis For Social Interpretation

Social Organization And Hohokam Communities

A New And Complementary Kind Of Social Data

A New Perspective On Classic Period Communities

A New Perspective On Hohokam Settlement-pattern Data

The Nature Of Hohokam Community Boundaries

Irrigation And Social Evolution

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: Ceramics and community organization among the Hohokam

Published By: Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2000. xii, 259 p.: ill., maps

By line: David R. Abbott

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Hohokam (NT76)

Subjects: Social relationships and groups (571); Ceramic technology (323); Internal trade (438); Classes (565);

Abstract: Abbott uses ceramic data to examine the social relationships of the Hohokam. Based on geological studies in the basin he is now able to examine the temper in a pot sherd and determine the source of the temper and therefore the area where the pot was made. Contrary to long held assumptions, plainware pots were also being exchanged within the Phoenix Basin. Abbott is then able to infer that despite the complexity of their canal system, the Hohokam used a kin-based social mechanism to control their irrigation facilities. There is some indication that during the Classic period, as the platform mounds were used for elevated households, some elites were trying to consolidate power and change the system to a vertically stratified one. However, the worsening predictability of the water flow from the Salt River prevented the elites from establishing a more stratified society.

Document Number: 1

Document ID: nt76-001

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Field Date: no date

Evaluation: Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: Sarah Berry; 2009

Coverage Date: 1050-550 BP (AD 950-1450)

Coverage Place: Phoenix basin, Arizona, United States

LCSH: Pueblo Grande Museum//Hohokam culture--Arizona--Phoenix//Hohokam pottery--Arizona--PhoenixSocial archaeology--Arizona--PhoenixPhoenix (Ariz.)--Antiquities


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