Adler, Michael A., 1961-. Land tenure, archaeology, and the ancestral pueblo social landscape

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Title: Land tenure, archaeology, and the ancestral pueblo social landscape

Published in: Journal of anthropological archaeology -- Vol. 15

Published By: Journal of anthropological archaeology -- Vol. 15 New York: Academic Press, 1996. 337-371 p.: ill.

By line: Michael A. Adler

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2012. Computer File

Culture: Early Anasazi (NT95)

Subjects: Real property (423); Settlement patterns (361); Land use (311); Tillage (241); Community structure (621); Labor and leisure (461);

Abstract: Adler examines changes in land tenure and land use as it can be inferred from the archaeology in the region around Mesa Verde. Adler first examines land tenure systems with cross-cultural data from a world-wide sample of food-producing societies, examining "the amount of labor invested in resource exploitation by a group and then the land tenure concepts influencing the group's social access to the resource." (page 341). He then presents a land tenure model that predicts the type of primary access group one should find based on several factors. Adler finds that as the amount of labor put into agricultural fields increases the size of the community also increases. However the size of the primary resource access group first increases, then decreases as labor intensity grows. Prior to the 12th century people in the Mesa Verde region lived near the most productive lands and lived in relatively small communities, households were fairly mobile, occupation of settlements averaged 34 years, and agriculture was land-extensive. Resource access groups were likely households. During the 12th and 13th centuries, as the population increased and the climate became more unreliable, mobility decreased, settlements became aggregated and were occupied for longer periods of time, and agriculture became more labor intensive with terracing, erosion control, floodwater diversion, and use of more permanent agricultural facilites such as field houses and storage facilities.

Document Number: 88

Document ID: nt95-088

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Field Date: no date

Evaluation: Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: Sarah Berry; 2011

Coverage Date: 1100-700 BP (AD 900-1300)

Coverage Place: southwestern Colorado, United States

LCSH: Indians of North America--Antiquities


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