Albarracín-Jordán, Juan. Tiwanaku settlement systems: the integration of nested hierarchies in the lower Tiwanaku valley

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Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Tiwanaku settlement systems: the integration of nested hierarchies in the lower Tiwanaku valley

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Latin American antiquity : a journal of the Society for American Archaeology -- Vol. 7, no. 3

Published By: Original publisher Latin American antiquity : a journal of the Society for American Archaeology -- Vol. 7, no. 3 Washington, DC: The Society. 1996. 183-210 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Juan Albarracín-Jordán

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Tiahuanaco (SF45)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Topography and geology (133); Tillage (241); Land use (311); Settlement patterns (361); Lineages (613); Chronologies and culture sequences (911);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Albarracin-Jordan used the archaeological data from a 100 percent pedestrian survey of the lower Tiwanaku Valley and ethnohistoric and ethnographic data especially on AYLLU and MARKA, to study settlement patterns. The lower valley was broken into seven microenvironmental zones and a nearest-neighbor analysis was performed. Albarracin-Jordan found that raised field agriculture occurred mainly in the northern section of the valley with terraces and QOCHA (minibasins) in the southern section of the valley. He also found a settlement hierarchy occurs with secondary sites regularly spaced and with tertiary sites clustered around the secondary sites, etc. Albarracin-Jordan proposes the settlement pattern in the Tiwanaku Valley was , 'an integrated system of various social units with local political hierachies capable of mobilizing their own population in the diverse agricultural tasks….Thus, the technological knowledge, per se, of raised field, terrace, and qocha construction…was not in the hands of an urban elite and their hydraulic engineers.' (page 204-205). The author found and discusses sites in the lower Tiwanaku Valley dating from the Formative through the Postclassic periods (3500 B.P. to 900 B.P. or 1500 B.C. to 1100 A.D.). Only the material that pertians to the Classic and Postclassic periods were marked for Outline of Cultural Materials (OCM) codes.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sf45-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 206-210)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document not specified

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist- 4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 2002

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1900 BP - 900 BP (100 A.D.-1100 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) lower Tiwanaku Valley; Bolivia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Indians of South America--Antiquities

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