Albarracín-Jordán, Juan V.. Prehispanic and early Colonial settlement patterns in the lower Tiwanaku valley, Bolivia

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Introduction

Organization And Content Of The Chapters

Chapter 2 The Study Area

Geological Formation

Lake Titicaca

The Taraco Formation

The Southern Mountain Range (tiwanaku Serranía)


Microenvironmental Distribution

Upper Colluvium Zone (ucz)

Lower Colluvium Zone (lcz)

Springs And Grass Zone (sgz)

Alluvial Plain (ap)

Lake Zone (lz)

Terrace Zone (tz)

Intermontane Zone (iz)

Chapter 3 Historiography, Land Tenure, And Modern Land Use

Modern Communities Of The Lower Tiwanaku Valley





Land Tenure And Modern Land Use

Chapter 4 History Of Research

The Colonial Period: Early Phase (1532-1660)

The Colonial Period: Late Phase (1660-1825)

Republican Period (1825-1903)

Republican Period (1903 To The Present)

The Pilot Survey Of 1988

Chapter 5 Theoretical Considerations And Field Methods

The Ayllu And Aymara Political Thought

Models Of Social Organization: Archaeological Implications

The “urban Revolution” Model

The “altiplano” Model

The “centralized Bureaucracy” Model

The “local Autonomous” Model

Field Methods

Systematic Survey

Mapping, Systematic Intensive Surface Collections, And Excavations

Ceramic Sequence

Aymara Perception Of The Past

Chapter 13 Early Pacajes (a.d. 1100-1470)


Settlement Pattern

The Petroglyphs Of Hak’e Kayu

Panel 1

Panel 2

Panel 3

Panel 4

Panel 5

Panel 6

Panel 7

Panel 8

Panel 9

Panel 10

Panel 11

Panel 12

Excavations At Lv-23 (pukara)

Cultural Continuity And Change

Chapter 14 Pacajes-inka (a.d. 1470-1540)


Settlement Pattern

Lv-25 (guaqui [pacajes-inka])

Lv-118 (iru Parque)

Lv-75 (copagira)

Lv-164 (sullkamarka)

Settlement System

Chapter 15 Late Pacajes (a.d. 1540-1600)


Settlement Pattern

Settlement System

Chapter 16 Summary And Conclusions

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Prehispanic and early Colonial settlement patterns in the lower Tiwanaku valley, Bolivia

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International. 1992 [1997 copy]. xix, 400 p. ill. maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Juan V. Albarracin-Jordan

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aymara Kingdoms (SF50)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Organization and analysis of results of research (128); Climate (132); Topography and geology (133); Ceramic technology (323); Settlement patterns (361); Visual arts (5311); Archaeological measures, techniques, and analyses (910); Chronologies and culture sequences (911);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a study of some of the major archaeological sites in the lower Tiwanaku Valley on the Bolivian side of the Titicaca Basin. Chapters 2-5 of this work are concerned with general issues, such as geography of the region, history, and theoretical considerations, while chapters 6-15 focus specifically on the data. In this latter group, the first part of each chapter presents a brief description of the ceramics of the cultural period, followed by an analysis of the settlement pattern, which, in turn, provides the foundation for a discussion of the settlement system (p. 3). The archaeological data for preceramic, formative and Tiwanaku i-v periods have not been indexed in this document since they represent a time frame pre-dating the temporal focus of the file (1100 A.D. - early 1600s). These sections represent pages 84-271 of the text.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sf50-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM 9422799 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Southern Methodist University, 1992 Includes bibliographical references (p. 376-400) pages 84-271 are not included

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document ca. 1987

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1997

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1100 A.D. - early 1600s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Lower Tiwanaku Valley, Bolivia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Indians of South America--Antiquities


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