Jarrige, Catherine. Mehrgarh: field reports 1974-1985 from Neolithic times to the Indus civilization

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Introduction

1. Préface

2. La Découverte Du Site De Mehrgarh

3. Lis Premiers Objectifs De La Fouille De Mehrgarh

4. Les Fouilles De Mehrgarh: Évolution De La Problématique

5. État Des Recherches: Le Néolithique

6. Le Chalcolithique: La Période Iii

7. Les Occupations Des 4ème Et 3ème Millénaires

8. La Période Viic Et La Question Des Relations De Mehrgarh Avec La Civilisation Harappéenne

Addendum Au Paragraphe 8

9. La Période Viii Et Les Fouilles De Sibri

Addendum Au Paragraphe 9

Introduction

1. Foreword

2. The Discovery Of The Site Of Mehrgarh

3. The Original Goals Of The Mehrgarh Excavations

4. The Mehrgarh Excavations: Evolution Of The Research

5. State Of Research: The Neolithic

6. The Chalcolithic: Period Iii

7. The Occupations Of The Fourth And Third Millennia

8. Period Viic And The Question Of The Relations Of Mehrgarh With The Harappan Civilization

Addendum To Section 8:

9. Period Viii And The Excavations At Sibri

Addendum To Section 9

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 1 1974–1975

1. Introduction

2. The First Period 5

3. The Second Period

4. The Third Period

5. The Fourth Period

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 2 1975–1976

1. Summary Of The First Season

2. The Second Season: Introduction

3. First Period (northern Area) 1

4. Second Period (northern Area)

5. Third Period (northern And Central Areas)

6. Fourth Period (southern Area).

7. Conclusion

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 3 1976–1977

1. Summary Of Previous Work

2. The Third Season: Introduction

3. Area Mr.3

4. Area Mr.4

5. Area Mr.2

6. The Main Mound (mr.1)

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Northern Part Of The Main Mound

6.3. The Area Of Open Firing Of Clay Jars

6.4. The Monumental Platform

6.5. Upper Levels Of The Main Mound

7. Aims For Future Seasons Of Excavation At Mehrgarh

8. The New Periodization Of Mehrgarh 14

Period I:

Period Ii:

Period Iii:

Period Iv:

Period V:

Period Vi:

Period Vii:

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 4 1977–1978

1. Summary Of Previous Work

2. The Fourth Season: Introduction

3. Area Mr.3

3.1. General

3.2. The Northern Part

3.3. The Southern Part

3.4. Dating And Conclusion

4. Area Mr.4

5. Area Mr.2

6. The Main Mound (mr.1)

6.1. Excavations On The Northern Side

6.2. The Area Of Open Firing Of Clay Jars

6.3. Area Mr.k (upper Part Of The Main Mound)

6.4. Area Mr.t 3b-4b

7. Paleoethnobotany

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 5 1978–1979

1. Introduction

2. Excavations In Area Mr.3 (period I: Sixth Millennium B.c.)

2.1. Area Mr.3t

2.2. Mr.3s (excavation Of The Upper Levels Of The Neolithic Settlement)

2.3. Discussion

3. Excavations In Area Mr.4 (period Ii: Fifth Millennium B.c.)

4. Excavations In Area Mr.2 (period Iii: Fourth Millennium B.c.)

5. Excavations In Area Mr.1 (main Mound: Period Vi: C.3000 B.c.)

6. The Cemetery Of Mr.t (beginning Of The Second Millennium B.c.)

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 6 1979–1980

1. Introduction

2. Mr.3 (period I: Aceramic Neolithic)

2.1. Introduction

2.2. The Sounding Mr.3t

2.3. Early Neolithic Plant Remains From Mehrgarh (mr.3t)

2.3.1. Introduction

2.3.2. Barley

2.3.3. Wheat

2.4. Mehrgarh 1979–80: Faunal Analysis

2.5. Area Mr.3s

2.5.1. The Fourth Season At Mr.3: 1979.80 1

2.5.2. Level 2 (squares D10a And C10j)

2.5.3. Level 3

2.5.4. Level 4 (elevation 99.97 - 98.89m) 2

2.5.5. Level 5

2.5.6. Burials

2.5.7. Lithics

2.5.8. Bone Tools ( Fig. 6.6a To E )

2.5.9. Ground Stone Artifacts ( Fig. 6.5c )

2.5.10. Figurines

2.5.11. Summary

2.6. Mr.3 Upper Levels

2.7.mr.3 North Area, Sector M (period I/ii)

2.8. Radiocarbon Determinations

3. Mr.4 (period Ii: Fifth Millennium B.c.)

3.1. Period Ii A (mr.4 Sectors A-b)

3.2. Period Ii B (mr.4 Sector F)

4. Mr.6 (period Ii B)

5. Mr.2 (period Iii: Beginning Of Fourth Millennium B.c.)

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Mr.2 Sector X

5.3. Mr.2 South

5.4. The Finds From Mr.2 South And Sector X

5.5. Period Iii Conclusions

6. Mr.1 Area C (periods V, Vi, And Vii)

7. The Cemetery South Of Mr.1 (period Viii)

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 7 1980–1981

1. Introduction

2. Area Mr.3 (period I: Aceramic Neolithic)

2.1. Mr.3 South

2.1.1. Introduction

2.1.2. Stratigraphy

2.1.3. Architecture

2.1.4. Burials

2.1.5. Lithics And Other Small Finds

2.1.6. Conclusion

2.2. Mr.3 Upper Levels

3. Area Mr.4 North And South Sectors (period Ii) 2

4. Area Mr.2 (period Iii)

4.1. Architecture

4.2. Pottery And Small Finds

4.3. Dating

5. Area Mr.1 (periods V-viii)

5.1.mr.1 Sector Mr.c (periods V-vi)

5.2. Mr.1 Sector Mr.k (period Viib)

5.3. Mr.1 Sector Mr.n (period Viic)

5.4. Mr.1 Sectors Mr.n, M, V, U, K (period Viii)

6. Sibri (period Viii)

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Graves

6.3. Architecture

6.4. Pottery

6.5. Stone

6.6. Terracotta

6.7. Seals

6.8. Copper/bronze

6.9. Figurines

6.10. Bone And Ivory Objects

6.11. Flint Tools

6.12. Faunal And Vegetal Remains

6.13. Discussion

7. Conclusion

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 8 1981–1982

1. Introduction

2. Area Mr.3/4: The Neolithic Periods

2.1. The Cliff Like Section Of The Bolan River

2.2.mr.3s

2.2.1. Description Of The Deposits

2.2.2. Burials

2.2.3. Flint Artifacts

2.2.4. Bone Artifacts ( Fig. 8.9 )

2.2.5. Shell Artifacts (not Including Those Found In Tombs)

2.2.6. Ground Stone

2.2.7. Conclusion

2.3. Mr.3s. Faunal Analysis

2.4.mr.3/4 Southwest Sector

2.5.mr.3/4 North Sector

3. Area Mr.2: Period Iii

4. Area Mr.1: Sector Mr.c: Period V, Vi, And Vii

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Period V

4.3. Period Vi

4.4. Period Vii

5. Mr.1: Sectors Mr.n And Mr.t: Period Vi

6. Sibri

6.1. Introduction

6.2. The Northern Area

6.3. The Southeastern Area ( Fig. 8.31 )

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 9 1982–1983

1. Introduction

1.1.personnel

1.2. Overview

1.3. Work Conducted In The 1982-1983 Season

2. Area Mr.3: Period I: Neolithic

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Sounding Mr.3d-bolan

2.3. The Cleaning Of The Cliff Face

3. Areas Mr.3/4: Period Iia

4. Area Mr.2: Period Iii

4.1. Sector Mr.2f1

4.2. The Graveyard

5. Area Mr.1: Sector Mr.c: Periods Iv-vii

5.1. Period Iv

5.1.1. Locus Ccv

5.1.2. Locus Ccxxxix

5.2. Period V ( Fig. 9.11 )

5.2.1. Locus Ccxxxii (firing Area Of Jars)

5.2.2. Locus Ccxxxiii

5.2.3. Locus Ccxxxiv

5.2.4. Locus Ccxxxix

5.2.5. Locus Ccxlvi

5.3. Period Vi

5.3.1. Locus Ccxxxvi (north)

5.3.2. Loci Ccxxxix And Ccxxxvii North (zone Of The Fireplaces)

5.4 Period Vii

5.4.1. Locus Ccxxxvi (south)

5.4.2. Locus Ccxxxvii (children's Cemetery)

5.4.3. Abandonment Of Period Vii

5.5. Area Mr.c2 (squares 3g And 3h)

6. Area Mr.1: Sector Mr.k: Squares 1c, 2b, 3a

7. Physical Anthropology

7.1. Introduction

7.2. The Skeletal Finds

7.2.1. General

7.2.2. Mr.3 Fd

7.2.3. Mr.3 Western Graveyard

7.2.4. Mr.3/4

7.2.5. Mr.2 (period Iii)

7.2.6. Mr.1 (main Mound)

7.3. The Anthropological Project

7.3.1. Potential Of Data To Be Studied

7.3.2. First Results: The Mr.2 Graveyard

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 10 1983–1984

1. Introduction

1.1. Personnel

1.2.the Site Of Mehrgarh

1.3. Operations Conducted In The Course Of The Tenth Season

1.3.1. Area Mr.3 (periods Ia And Ib) ( Fig. 10.1 ).

1.3.2. Area Mr.3, Sector C (period Ib)

1.3.3. Area Mr.3 (periods Ib And Iia)

1.3.4. Area Mr.2 (period Iii)

1.3.5. Area Mr.1: Sectors Mr.c And Mr.d (period V-vi)

1.3.6. Sector Mr.1, Area Mr.k (periods Iv To Vii)

1.3.7. Area Lal Shah

1.3.8. Specialized Studies

2. Area Mr.3:periods Ia, Ib, Iia ( Fig. 10.1 )

2.1. Sounding Mr.3s

2.2. Structure B1 And Retaining Walls L8 And L9 (period Ib)

2.3. Structure L2

3. Area Mr.3, Areas C And N: Periods Ib And Iia ( Fig. 10.9a , 12 )

3.1. Introduction

3.2. The Masonry Glacis Between Structure S1 And Retaining Wall M2

3.3. Building J2

3.4. Buildings K2 And I2

3.5. Building H2

3.6. The Working Surfaces And Platforms

3.7. Burials

3.8. Conclusions

4. Area Mr.3, Sector M: Building F2 ( Fig. 10.13a )

5. Area Mr.2: Period Iii ( Fig. 10.16 )

6. Area Mr.1, Sectors Mr.c And Mr.d: Periods V And Vi

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Period V (second Half Of The Fourth Millennium B.c.)

6.2.1. Locus Ccxxxiv

6.2.2. Locus Ccxxxii

6.2.3. Locus Ccxliv

6.2.4. Locus Ccxxxix

6.2.5. Locus Ccxxxix (south)

6.2.6. Locus Ccxxxvii (east And West)

6.3. Period Vi (end Of The Fourth And Early Third Millennium B.c.)

6.3.1. Locus Ccxxxvi

7. Area Mr.1: Sector Mr.k: Periods Iv-vi

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Southern Extension

7.3. Northern Part Of The Trench

8. Lal Shah: Excavation Of A Kiln

9. Use-wear Analysis Of Samples Of Flints From Periods I-vii

10. Physical Anthropology And Funerary Practices

10.1. Introduction

10.2. Field Methods

10.3. Material And Results

10.3.1. Mr.1 (period V Or Vi)

10.3.2. Mr.2 (period Iii, Phase 2)

10.3.3. Mr.3/4 (period Iia)

10.3.4. Mr.3s (period I)

10.3.5. Mr.3 Western Graveyard ( Fig. 10.6a )

10.4. Conclusion

Excavations At Mehrgarh: Season 11 1984–1985

1. Introduction

1.1. Personnel

1.2. The Site Of Mehrgarh

1.3. Operations Conducted In The Course Of The Eleventh Season

1.3.1. Area Mr.3, Sector M (periods Ia, Ib, And Iia)

1.3.2. Area Mr.3, Sectors C, M, And L (period Iia)

1.3.3. Area Mr.3, Sector C (period Ib)

1.3.4. Area Mr.2, Sector H (period Iii)

1.3.5. Area Mr.1, Sectors Mr.f And Mr.k (periods Vi And Vii)

1.3.6. Area Lal Shah (period Viic)

1.3.7. Specialized Studies

2. Area Mr.3/4, Sector M, Sounding (periods Ia, Ib, Iia)

2.1. Introduction

2.2. Period Ia

2.2.1. Level 1 (unit 819)

2.3. Period Ib

2.3.1. Level 2 (unit 818)

2.3.2. The Alluvial Deposits

2.3.3. Level 4 (unit 817): Plan 9 ( Fig. 11.6 )

2.3.4. Level 5 (unit 817): Plans 8 And 7 ( Fig. 11.6 )

2.4. Period Iia

2.4.1. Level 6 (units 816 And 815): Plan 6 ( Fig. 11.6 ), Isometric 3 ( Fig. 11.8 , 11.9 )

2.4.2. Level 7(units 814, 813, 812): Plan 5 ( Fig. 11.7 ), Isometric 2 (sd7 And Sd10) ( Fig. 11.10 )

2.4.3. Level 7a (7 Bis On Drawings) (units 809, 808, 807, 806): Plan 4 ( Fig. 11.7 ), Isometric 2 (sd4, Sd5, Sd6, Sd8, Sd9, Sd13) ( Fig. 11.10 )

2.4.4. Level 8 (units 805, 804, 803, 802, 801): Plans 1, 2, 3 ( Fig. 11.7 ); Isometric 1 (sd1, Sd1 Bis , Sd2, Sd3)( Fig. 11.10 )

2.4.5 Level 8a (8 Bis On Drawings)

2.4.6. Levels 9 And 10

2.5. Conclusion

3. Area Mr.3, Sectors C, M, And L (period Iia)

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Fireplaces

3.3. Structures M2, N2, And O2 (squares M10h, L1h, L2h)

3.4. Buildings P2, Q2, And R2 (squares C1a,l1h, L1j, L2j)

3.5.space Between Buildings G2, H2, And R2 (square C1a)

3.6. Excavations In Square L3j

3.7. The Finds

4. Mr.2, Sector H (period Iii)

4.1. Introduction

4.2. The Structures ( Fig. 11.16 , 11.17 )

4.2.1 Structure I

4.2.2. Structure Ii

4.2.3. Structure Iii

4.2.4. Structure Iv

4.2.5. Structure V

4.2.6. Structure Vi

4.3. Material Culture

4.3.1. Introduction

4.3.2. Pottery And Objects Of Clay

4.3.3. Objects Of Bone And Shell

4.3.4. Artifacts And Ornaments Of Stone

4.3.5. Metal

5. Area Mr.k (periods Vi–vii)

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Horizontal Extension Of The Sounding

5.3. Loci C And Cii

5.4. Locus Cxviii

6. Physical Anthropology And Funerary Practices

6.1. Introduction

6.2. The Neolithic Upper Graveyard

6.2.1. Introduction

6.2.2. The Gravis

6.2.3. Other Work

6.3. Burial In Square C1a

6.4. Casting Of Two Burials

6.5. Conclusion

7. Dental Anthropology At Mehrgarh: A Current Assessment

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Odontometric Results

7.3. Morphologic Results

7.4. Pathologic Results

7.5. Conclusion

8. First Results Of The Study Of The Ancient Vegetation Of Mehrgarh Through Anthracological Analysis

8.1. The Vegetation Survey

8.2. Anthracological Analysis

9. Analysis Of Faunal Material From

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Publication Information

Author:

Title: Mehrgarh: field reports 1974-1985 from Neolithic times to the Indus civilization

Published By: Golden Graphics Limited. [1995]. xiii, 1-562, 683-688 p. ill., maps

By line: Edited by Catherine Jarringe … [et. al.]

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Early Indus (AQ43)

Subjects: Identification (101); Archaeological excavation methods (1210); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Culture summary (105); Cultural stratigraphy (912); Chronologies and culture sequences (911); Dating methods in archaeology (1211); Settlement patterns (361); Ceramic technology (323); Production and supply (433);

Abstract: This compilation of field reports for eleven seasons at Mehrgarh begins with an introduction in the original French, followed by an English translation, which provides the closest thing to a synthesis of the cumulative finds and the evolving hypotheses of the investigators, including pottery styles, settlement pattern, links with other traditions in Iran and Turkmenistan, economy, craft activities, and burial practices. Excavations at nearby sites, including Lal Shah and Sibri, have their own sections in the field reports. Materials called "ceramic Neolithic" are relevant to the Early Indus tradition, even where dating prior to 5500 BC (7500 BP).

Document Number: 1

Document ID: aq43-001

Document Type: Component part(s), monograph

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 559-562)

Field Date: 1985-1993

Evaluation: Archaeologists-4, 5

Analyst: Sarah Berry; 2015

Coverage Date: 10000-3600 BP

Coverage Place: Mehrgarh, Lal Shah, and Sibri, Balochistan, Pakistan

LCSH: Neolithic period--Pakistan--Balochistan//Copper age--Pakistan--Balochistan//Excavations (Archaeology)--Pakistan--Balochistan//Mehrgarh Site (Pakistan)//Balochistan (Pakistan)--Antiquities

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