Ellis, Linda. The Cucuteni-Tripolye culture: study in technology and the origins of complex society

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Introduction: Technology And Society

Chapter Ii Origin And Development Of The Late Neolithic-chalcolithic Cultures Northwest Of The Black Sea

Ii.a. Introduction

Ii.b. The Pre-cucuteni Period

Ii.b.1. Pre-cucuteni/tripolye A Chronology

Ii.b.2. Settlement Location And Building Construction

Ii.b.3. Economy

Ii.b.4. Cultural Origins And Interaction Sphere Of Pre-cucuteni

Ii.c. The Cucuteni Sequence

Ii.c.1. History Of Research On Painted Wares

Ii.c.2. Cucuteni Ceramic Typology

Ii.c.3. Tripolye Ceramic Typology

Ii.c.4. Conclusion On Ceramic Typology

Ii.c.5. Absolute Dating

Ii.c.6. Settlement Location And Building Construction

Ii.c.7. Economy

Ii.c.8. Culture Contact And Technological Change

Notes To Chapter Ii

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Chapter Iii The Manufacturing Process

Iii.a. The Geology Of Raw Materials Used In Ceramic Manufacture

Iii.a.1. Geological History And Clay Formation

Iii.a.2. Iron Oxides

Iii.a.3. Calcium/magnesium Carbonates

Iii.a.4. Manganese Oxides

Iii.b. Forming Processes

Iii.b.1. Clay Preparation

Iii.b.2. Vessel Formation

Iii.b.3. Decoration

Iii. C. Firing Processes

1. Use Of Kilns

Iii.c.1.a. Early Neolithic Kilns

Cîrcea (starčevo)

Iii.c.1.b. Middle And Late Neolithic Kilns

Cîrcea (dudeşti)

Leu (dudeşti)

Parţa (vinča)

Tărtăria (turdaş)

Vădastra (vădastra)

Hotărani (vădastra)

Cernica (boian)

Techirghiol (hamangia)

Iii.c.1.c. Chalcolithic Kilns

Vărăşti (gumelniţa)

Vidra (gumelniţa)

Jilava (gumelniţa)

Stoicani (stoicani-aldeni)

Suceveni (stoicani-aldeni)

Gâlâbovtsi (krivodol/sălcuţa)

Bernadea (petreşti)

Ariuşd (cucuteni A)

Bodeşti-frumuşica (cucuteni A)

Truşeşti (cucuteni A)

Hangu (cucuteni A)

Hăbăşeşti (cucuteni A)

Bălţaţi (cucuteni A)

Tîrgu Bereşti (cucuteni A)

Drăguşeni (cucuteni A And Ab)

Cucuteni (cucuteni B)

Valea Lupului (cucuteni B)

Glăvăneştii Vechi (cucuteni B)

Luka Vrublevetskaja (tripolye A)

Sinešty (sineşti) (tripolye B Ii)

Varvarovka Viii (tripolye C I)

Koszyłowce-oboz (tripolye C I)

Kostešty Ix (costeşti) (tripolye C)

Žvanets (tripolye C)

Iii.c.2. Atmosphere Control And Firing Temperatures

Iii.d. Conclusion

Chapter Iv Conclusion: The Role Of Technology In Socio-economic Evolution

Iv.a. Introduction

Iv.b. Palaeodemography And Socio-economic Evolution

Iv.b.1. Location And Increase In Settlements

Iv.b.2. Settlement Size And Planning

Iv.b.3. Sizes Of Dwellings

Iv.b.4. Conclusion: “chiefdoms” And The Path To Complex Society

Iv.c. Pyrotechnology And Its Role In Socio-economic Evolution

Iv.c.1. Feeding The Masses: Technology And Food Storage

Iv.c.2. From Artistic Endeavour To Pragmatism: Socio-economic Needs And Constraints On Production

Iv.c.3. Energy And The Organisation Of Labour In Manufacturing

Iv.d. Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Cucuteni-Tripolye culture: study in technology and the origins of complex society

Published By: Original publisher Oxford, England: B.A.R.. 1984. x, 221 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Linda Ellis

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Southeastern Europe Late Chalcolithic (E075)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Ceramic technology (323); Heating and lighting equipment (354); Settlement patterns (361); Utensils (415); Visual arts (5311);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Through examining the changes in the ceramic technology of Pre-Cucuteni-Tripolye (Neolithic) through Chalcolithic Cucuteni-Tripolye culture, Ellis is able to show the beginings of ranked society. In the Neolithic pottery is made by individuals or individual households. With the Chalcolithic pottery begins to be painted and the designs and shapes become more standardized through time. As up-draught kilns are used, ceramics can be consistently fired at high temperatures with a slow cool down creating stronger ceramics. Chalcolithic vessels also show evidence of being created on potter's wheels and often in separate pottery workshops. There is also a change in vessel shape and size (to large with narrow openings) which indicates more vessels were being used for food storage. All this indicates there were specialists that created the ceramics and this would only have been possible in a society that was at least begining to be stratified. Only Chalcolithic time periods were indexed for Outline of Cultural Materials (OCM) codes.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. e075-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. p. 211-221)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 2001

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). Chalcolithic Period

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Cucuteni-Tripolye culture; Moldava, Romania, Ukraine

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Copper Age--Europe, eastern

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