Kubba, Sam.. Mesopotamian architecture and town planning: from the Mesolithic to the end of the Proto-historic period, c. 10,000-3,500 B.C.

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I Mesopotamian Settlements & Planning

1. The Physical Environment

1.0 General

1.1 Topography And Terrain

1.2 Geology

1.3 Soil Conditions

1.4 Irrigation And Hydrographic Conditions

1.5 Climatic Conditions

1.6 Ancient Flora

1.7 Ancient Fauna

2. Early Settlement Patterns & Planning

2.0 General

2.1 Evolution Of Prehistoric Settlements

2.12 Proto-historic Settlements (5000–3500 B.c.)

2.13 Enter Proto-literate… And History

2.2 Distribution Of Settlements

2.20 General

2.3 Size And Function Of Settlements In Ancient Mesopotamia

2.30 General

2.31 Function Of Settlements

2.32 Types Of Settlements

2.33 Size Of Settlements

2.4 Form And Structure Of Settlements

2.40 General

2.41 Plan Form

2.42 Built Form

2.43 Elements Of Urban Structure

2.44 The City Fortification

2.45 The City Gates

2.46 The Royal Palaces

2.47 The Ziggurat

2.48 The Temples

2.49 The Business Quarters

2.410 Streets And Thoroughfares

2.411 Urban Open Space

2.412 Residential Areas

Part Ii Mesopotamian Architecture

Evolution Of Mesopotamian Architecture

3.0 General

3.1 Mesolithic (proto-neolithic) Age (10,000–7000 B.c.)

3.11 Zawi Chemi

3.12 Shanidar Cave

3.13 Karim Shahir

3.14 Tell M'lefaat

3.2 Neolithic Age (ca. 7000–5000 B.c.)

3.21 Early Neolithic Phase

3.211 Jarmo:

3.212 Telul El-rihan

3.213 Tell Maghzaliya

3.22 Late Neolithic (pre-hassuna/proto-hassuna)

3.221 Umm Dabaghiyah

3.222 Bassuna Culture

3.223 Matarrah

3.224 Yarim Tepe I

3.225 Samarra Culture

3.226 Tell Es-sawwan

3.227 Choga Mami

3.3 Proto-historic/chalcolithic Period (ca.5000–3500 B.c.)

3.31 The Halaf Culture

3.311 Tell Arpachiya (tepe Reshwa)

3.312 Yarim Tepe Ii

3.32 The Ubaid Culture (4500–3500 B.c.)

3.321 Eridu (abu Shahrein)

3.322 Tepe Gawra

Part Iii Analysis Of Design Principles, Building Elements & Materials Used

4.0 Design Principles

4.10 General

4.11 Ancient Measurement

4.12 Functional Aspects (internal Planning):

4.13 Aesthetic Aspects

4.131 Proportion

4.132 Scale

4.133 Balance

4.134 Emphasis

4.135 Unity & Harmony

4.136 Rhythm

4.137 Contrast

4.2 Major Design Elements

4.21 Space

4.22 Form

4.23 Texture

4.24 Light

4.25 Colour

4.26 Pattern

4.27 Line

4.3 Human Factors

4.30 General

4.31 Proxemics & Behavioral Ecology

4.32 Ergonomics & Anthropometrics

4.4 Major Architectural & Structural Elements

4.40 General

4.41 The Wall

4.42 Floors

4.43 Roofs

4.44 Domes And Vaults

4.45 Columns, Posts, Etc.

4.46 Buttresses, Pilasters, Piers, Etc.

4.47 The Arch

4.48 Window Openings

4.49 Door Openings

4.410 Mouldings & Ornament & Woodworking

4.411 Gutters & Drainage

5 The Effect Of Climate On Building

5.0 General

5.1 Wind-catchers (badgir, Malquf)

6 Building Materials

6.0 General

6.1 Mud

6.2 Burnt Brick

6.3 Plaster

6.4 Timber & Reed, Rushes, Etc.

6.5 Stone

6.6 Bitumen

6.7 Terracotta

6.8 Mosaic

6.9 Metals

7.0 Ethnoarchaeology & Ethnoarchaeological Architecture


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Mesopotamian architecture and town planning: from the Mesolithic to the end of the Proto-historic period, c. 10,000-3,500 B.C.

Published By: Original publisher Oxford, England: B.A.R.. 1987. ii, 557 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Shamil A.A. Kubba

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Late Chalcolithic Mesopotamia (MH60)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Religious and educational structures (346); Dwellings (342); Architecture (341); Maps (102); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Visual arts (5311); Cultural stratigraphy (912); Typologies and classifications (914);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This monograph is a study of Mesopotamian architecture and town planning dating from the Mesolithic to the end of the Proto-historic period (ca. 10,000-3500 BC). The author, however, frequently deviates from this time sequence in discussing much later periods, emphazing in particular the Late Chalcolithic Mesopotamian era. The document discusses the physical environment of the region studied, early settlement patterns, the evolution of Mesopotamian architecture through time, and the analysis of design principles, building elements and materials used in construction.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 30

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. mh60-030

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 194-227) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document ca. 1973

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle; 2006

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 6000-5100 BP (4000-3100 BC)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Mesopotamia/Iraq

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Architecture, Ancient--Iraq/Architecture--Iraq/City planning--Iraq/Extinct cities--Iraq/Iraq--Antiquities


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