Glassow, Michael A.. Purisimeño Chumash prehistory: maritime adaptations along the Southern California coast

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1 Introduction

Scope Of This Study

The Vandenberg Region's Environmental Setting

The Vandenberg Region's Archaeological Sites

Significance Of The Research

2 Prehistoric And Ethnographic Background

Cultures At The Time Of European Contact

Prehistoric Background


3 Research Background

The Legal Mandate For The Shuttle Project

Shuttle Project History

The Project Research Design

4 Chronological Framework


Radiocarbon Dating

Cross-dating With Artifacts

A Chronological Framework For The Analysis

5 Results Of The Excavations


Sba-539, South Honda Canyon Road Cut

Excavation Details

Stratification Of Deposits And Chronology

Food Procurement And Consumption At Sba-539

The Settlement Context Of Sba-539

Sba-670, North Honda Canyon Road Cut

Excavation Details

Stratification Of The Deposits And Chronology

Food Procurement And Consumption At Sba-670

The Settlement Contexts Of Sba-670

Sba-931, Surf Road Cut

Excavation Details

Stratification Of Deposits And Chronology

Food Procurement And Consumption At Sba-931

The Settlement Contexts Of Sba-931

Sites Tested In 1974

Sba-210, West Side Of Agua Vina Creek

Sba-552, East Side Of Agua Vina Creek

Sba-530, North Side Of The Honda Canyon Mouth

Sba-551, North Side Of The Red Roof Canyon Mouth

Sba-662, Near Junction Of Grey And Red Roof Canyons

Sba-663, Overlooking Gray Canyon North Of Sba-662

Sba-690, Southeast Of Santa Ynez River Lagoon

Sba-1040, North Of Santa Ynez River Lagoon


6 Changes In Population And Environment


Variations In Relative Population Density

Evidence Of Paleoenvironmental Change

The Relationship Between Population Fluctuations And Paleoenvironmental Change


7 Confronting The Research Problems


Settlement Contexts Of The Sites

The Course Of Subsistence Change

Plant Foods

Sources Of Information On Animal Foods


Sea Mammals

Land Mammals



Dietary Change Through 9,000 Years Of Prehistory

Environment, Population, And Subsistence

Pre-8500 B.p.: The Paleocoastal Period

8500 B.p.–6500 B.p.: The Initial Early Period

6500 B.p.–4500 B.p.: A Period For Which Information Is Lacking

4500 B.p.–3000 B.p.: The Terminal Early Period

3000 B.p.–800 B.p.: The Middle Period

800 B.p. To Missionization: The Late Period

Concluding Remarks On The Role Of Environment And Population

The Role Of The Vandenberg Region In Interregional Exchange


8 Retrospects And Prospects


The Attraction Of Marine Food Resources

The Neglected Realms Of Culture: Social Organization And Ideology

Hindsight Is Always 20–20

The Contributions Of Archaeological Research Performed Under Contract

Management Of Archaeological Resources On Vandenberg Air Force Base

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Purisimeño Chumash prehistory: maritime adaptations along the Southern California coast

Published By: Original publisher Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers. 1996. xiv, 170 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Michael A. Glassow

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Late Southern California (NS50)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Fauna (136); Prehistory (172); Diet (262); Settlement patterns (361); Chronologies and culture sequences (911); Cultural stratigraphy (912);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Glassow directed two archaeological projects on Vandenberg Air Force Base. Excavations were carried out at 11 sites. The studies were undertaken to comply with federal laws concerning archaeology. Prehistory on Vandenberg extends back 9,000 years. While doing the compliance, Glassow hoped to answer certain research questions concerning the prehistory of the area and of the Purismeño Chumash. He was able to learn more about diet; settlement patterns; climatic changes and its effects on population; relative population densities; hunting, shellfish collecting, and fishing; site acitivities; and how these things changed through time. He discusses the role of the Vandenberg region in interregional exchange (chert preforms were manufactured on Vandenberg) and he discusses some of the cultural differences between the Purismeño and the Barbareño Chumash. A synopsis of the Chumash culture at the time of European contact is included in this report.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 5

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ns50-005

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 157-160)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1974 and 1978-1980

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 1998

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 3000 BP - 200 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings California -- Antiquities


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