Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Mester, Ann Marie, 1957-
The pearl divers of Los Frailes: archaeological and ethnohistorical explorations of sumptuary good trade and cosmology in the north and central Andes
Published By: Original publisher
Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International. 1990 [1997 copy]. xxiii, 558 p. ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
By Ann Marie Mester
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Organization and analysis of results of research (128);
Bone, horn, and shell technology (321);
Ceramic technology (323);
External trade (439);
Visual arts (5311);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This dissertation consists of two major parts. The first part presents '…an archaeological study of an early Manteño pearl shell workshop and related features, uncovered during excavations conducted at the Los Frailes Mound Complex on the southern coast of Manabi Province, Ecuador. Los Frailes has been identified as the ancient town of Tusco, one of four core towns in the contact-period Señorío de Salangome, a polity based on long-distance maritime trade in sumptuary goods. The dissertation establishes the role of specialized, single-product workshops in the Manteño trading organization. Detailed descriptions of the shell artifacts, the tools used to work the shell, and the techniques of bead and plaque manufacute are presented. Drawing on detailed interpretation of physical stratigraphy, as well as on modal analysis of ceramic attributes, the Los Frailes ceramic analysis presents a careful micro-chronology of the earliest part of the Manteño phase, making more clear its antecedents with the earlier Guangala phase' (p. iii). The remainder of the document discusses pertinent ehtnohistorical and ethnographic data relevant to the role of the pearl oyster in Andean cosmology.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
UM 9026269 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1990 Includes bibliographical references (p. 534-556)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1997
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
1500 BP - 500 BP
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Los Frailes Mound Complex, southern coast of Manabi Province, Ecuador
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Indians of South America--Ecuador--Antiquities