Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Ubelaker, Douglas H.
The Ayalán cemetery: a late integration period burial site on the south coast of Ecuador
Published By: Original publisher
Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. 1981. ix, 175 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Douglas H. Ubelaker
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a detailed archaeological study of the excavation of a Milagro Phase Integration Period cemetery -- the Ayalán cemetery -- located on the southern coast of Ecuador. The site yielded 54 large funerary urns (730 A.D.-1730 A.D.), and 25 primary and two secondary burials (500 B.C.-1155 A.D.).The urns contained secondary skeletal remains of as many as 25 individuals per urn, accompanied by numerous artifacts such as ceramic jars, plates and compoteres, beads, nose rings, copper plates and small spheres of lead with copper inserts. Detailed data are presented in this document on archaeological features, artifacts '…and such biological subjects as demography, pathology, cranial measurements, non-metric observations and cultural practices registered in bone' (p. ii). An appendix written by Brian Hesse, examines the faunal remains associated with the various burial features.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Gov. Doc. No.: SI 1.33:29 Includes bibliographical references (p. 174-175)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1997
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
450 A.D. - 1450 A.D.
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Punta Anllulla, Hacienda Ayalán, Guayas Province, Ecuador
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Indians of South America--Ecuador--Antiquities