Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Deacon, H. J.
Where hunters gathered: a study of Holocene Stone Age people in the Eastern Cape
Published By: Original publisher
Claremont, South Africa: South African Archaeological Society. 1976. xiii, 232 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by H.J. Deacon
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Organization and analysis of results of research (128);
Lithic industries (324);
General tools (412);
Cultural stratigraphy (912);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Deacon presents his findings and analyses from two sites from two different ecological zones: Melkhoutboom Cave in the Cape Folded Mountain Belt and Highlands Rock Shelter in the Karoo-Cape Midlands. Both sites have dates that extend beyond the time period and in this report Deacon only discusses the data from the Holocene deposits from these sites. Both sites had good preservation. Melkhoutboom Cave, in particular, had excellent preservation of plant materials in the Holocene strata. This allowed Deacon to discuss uses of plants and seasonality. Stone tools are also discussed in detail. Also found at these sites are bone tools, shell and /or shell artifacts, faunal remains, cordage and netting fragments, and remains of leather. Deacon also briefly discusses six other sites in the eastern Cape. The Wilton strata date from approximately 7500 B.P. to the present at Melkhoutboom Cave and from 4500 B.P. to the present at Highlands Rock Shelter. Only the material that pertains to the non- or pre-ceramic Wilton were indexed for OCM (Outline of Cultural Materials) codes.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 176-184)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry ; 2002
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
7500 BP- 2000 BP
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Melkhoutboom Cave; South Africa and Highlands Rock Shelter; South Africa
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings