- Full Context
Inskeep, R. R.. Nelson Bay Cave, Cape Province, South Africa: the Holocene levels
Table of Contents
Appendix 1. List Of Forest Flora For The Immediate Vicinity Of Robberg And In Nearby Forests, Such As Harkerville Forest Some 10 Km To The West Of Robberg, Kindly Supplied By C. J. Geldenhuys Of The Saasveld Forest Research Station. Abreviations: Habit; Tree (t), Shrub (s), Fern (f), Climber (c), Bulbous (b), Herbaceous (h): Place; Robberg (r), Harkerville (h), Knysna Division (kn): Uses, Edible Fruit (ef), Edible Bulb/corm (eb), Edible Vegetative Part (ev), Edible Seed (es), Medicinal (med): Authorities; Saasveld (sa), Watt And Breyer-brandwijk 1962 (w), Palgrave 1977 (p), Palmer And Pitman 1972 (pp), Story 1958 (s).
Appendix 2. Food Plants Not Included In Appendix 1 But Listed In Fourcade 1941 For The Knysna Division (kn) Or By Courtenay-latimer El Al 1967 For The Tsitsikama Forest And Coastal National Park (ts). Abbreviations: Uses; (ef) Edible Fruits, (eb) Edible Bulb, (ec) Edible Corm, (ev) Edible Vegetative Part: Sources; (pp) Palmer And Pitman 1972, (p) Palgrave 1977, (w) Watt And Breyer-brandwijk 1962, (c-l) Courtenay-latimer Et Al 1967, (pa) Parkington 1977, (s) Story 1958, (a) Ashton 1939. (taxonomy Uncorrected From Sources Given).
Appendix 3. Status Of 22 Species Of Ungulates In The Divisions Of Humansdorp And Uniondale, Immediately East And North (respectively) Of The Division Of Knysna In Which Plettenberg Bay And Robberg Lie. The Percentages Represent The Number Of Returns Recording The Species As Present, Expressed As A Percentage Of The Total Number Of Questionnaires Returned For The Division. For Details See Bigalke And Bateman 1962.
Appendix 4. List Of Animals Which Might Have Occurred Within The Catchment Area Of Nbc. The Keurbooms River Nature Reserve Is Some 10 Km East Of Plettenberg Bay And Includes Indigenous Forest Along The River Banks, Fynbos (macchia) On The Plateau And A Small Area Of Dune Vegetation At The Mouth Of The River. Suggestions Under ‘probable Former Status’ Are Based On Contemporary And Historical Observations, Including Bigalke And Bateman 1962. The Absence Of Names From The List Does Not Necessarily Mean That A Species Is Unlikely To Have Occurred In The Vicinity, But Simply That There Is No Evidence On Which To Include It. P = Present, C = Common, A = Abundant, N = Nearby, ? = Conceivable Present.
Appendix 5. Some Of The Larger Birds Listed In Stuart, Palmer And Munnik (1978) Which Are Likely To Have Occurred In The Vicinity Of Robberg.
Appendix 6. Principal Species Of Molluscs And Crustacea Of The Intertidal Zone On The Tsitsikama Coast, Based On Tietz And Robinson 1974.
Appendix 7. Data Relating To Sample Sizes. The Areas Given For Units 2–21, 60, 88, And 101 Are Approximations Based On Section Records. Despite This They Are Certainly Of The Right Order Of Size.
Appendix 8. Percentage Frequencies For The Various Raw Material Types Used For Stone Artefacts. Within The Category Of Total Stone Artefacts, Units 30, 64, 66, And 115 Contain 0.2% Sandstone, 0.5% Unidentified, 0.3% Sandstone, And 0.3% Ferricrete Respectively. Three Of These Represent Formal Tools And Account For The Following Percentages Not Included In The Right Hand Side Of The Table: Unit 30, A Bored Stone In Sandstone, 4.3%; Unit 66, A Sinker In Sandstone, 9.0%; Unit 115, A Sinker In Ferricrete, 11.1%. Qt = Quartzite; Q = Quartz; Ch = Chalcedony; Si = Silcrete; Sh = Shale.
Appendix 9. Chips And Chunks: Frequency By Raw Material Types, With Untrimmed Flake Frequencies, And Chips And Chunks Expressed As A Percentage Of Untrimmed Flakes. Frequencies Only Are Given For Shale As Normal Flakes Do Not Occur In This Material. Q = Quartz, Qt = Quartzite, Ch = Chalcedony, Sh = Shale.
Appendix 11. Incidence Of Cores And Untrimmed Flakes, And Ratio Of Flakes Per Core. Seven Silcrete Flakes Are Included With Those In Chalcedony; One Each In Units 6, 61, 76, 77, And 83, And Two In Unit 122.
Appendix 12. Data For Untrimmed Flakes Class. Units 6, 61, 76, 77, And 83, Include One Flake Each Of Silcrete In The Chalcedony Scores, And Unit 122 Includes Two Of Silcrete. Omitted From The Raw Material Sub-totals Are Two Flakes Of ‘other’ Raw Material; One Each In Units 78 And 105.
Appendix 13. Incidence Of Total Utilized Category, And Their Percentages In Relation To Total Stone Aretefacts. The Subclasses Included Are Hammerstones, Rubbers, Hammer/rubbers, Grindstones, Palettes, Pieces Esquillees, Heavy Edge-flaked, And Utilized Flakes (edge, Steep, Notched).
Appendix 14. Data On Utilized Flakes Class. Under ‘raw Material’ Q = Quartz, Qt = Quartzite, Ch = Chalcedony, And Si = Silcrete; Under ‘pre-form’ Ch = Chip Or Chunk, Fl = Flake; Under ‘notch Condition’ C = Clear, S = Scarred. Nr = Not Recorded.
Appendix 15. Data For Heavy Edge-flaked Pieces. Under Raw Material Qt = Quartzite, Q = Quartz; Under Pre-form F = Flake, Ch = Chunk, T = Tablet, R = Ridged, P = Pyramidal, And C = Cobble. Nr = Not Recorded. Other Attributes Are Length, Width, Width Of Retouch, Height, And Weight.
Appendix 16. Data Relating To Pieces Esquillees (flake). Nr = Not Recorded; Usually Because The Specimen Was Incomplete. Where Opposed Damage Is Indicated For A Specimen With Only One Edge Recorded This Indicates Evidence Of Abrasion Not Positive Enough To Resemble An Esquillee Edge. Length Is The Maximum Dimension Of The Piece In The General Plane Of The Working Edge Or Edges. Height Is Measured As The Distance Between Two Planes Which Enclose The Specimen: In Practice The Surface On Which The Specimen Would Most Naturally Rest Was Taken As One Of The Planes And The Height Was The Maximum Height Of The Specimen Above This Plane. Width Of Retouch Is Measured As The Shortest Distance Between The Two Ends Of A Working Edge. Raw Material: Qt = Quartzite; Q = Quartz; Ch = Chalcedony; Ofg = Other Fine Grained Rock. Pre-form: F = Flake; Ch = Chip Or Chunk; C = Core; ? = Pre-form Uncertain. As Discussed In The Text (6 Iii C Above) The Small Specimens In Quartz And Chalcedony Are Seen As Bipolar Cores Rather Than True Pieces Esquillees.
Appendix 17. Data Relating To Pieces Esquillees (cortical). Procedures And Abbreviations Are As Given For Pieces Esquillees In Appendix 16. Specimens Listed As ‘talus’ Are Unstratified And Unprovenanced. They Were Recovered In Cleaning Down The Talus Slope During The Third Season Of Excavation. All Pre-forms Are Flake; All Specimens Of Quartzite.
Appendix 21. Data Relating To Scrapers. In The Raw Material Column Q = Quartz, Qt = Quartzite, Si = Silcrete, Ch = Chalcedony And Ofg = Other Fine Grained Material. In The Pre-form Column Fl = Flake, Ch = Chip Or Chunk, And P = Pebble. Nr = Not Recorded. Specimens With Two Or More Working Edges Are Given Multiple Entries (as If Two Or Three Separate Specimens).
Appendix 23. Quartz And Chalcedony Scrapers. Metrical Data From Appendix 21 Grouped To Enlarge Samples.
Appendix 25. Data For Drills. Length Is The Maximum Length Of The Piece, From The Working Tip. Width Is The Maximum Dimension Of The Piece At Right Angles To The Length Axis.
Appendix 27. Data Relating To Miscellaneous Retouched Pieces. The Percentages Are For The Class As Part Of The Formal Tools Category. Qt = Quartzite, Q = Quartz, Ch = Chalcedony. The Specimen In Unit 66 Is Of Silcrete.
Appendix 28. Incidence And Weights Of The Sinkers. The Figures In The ‘fraction’ Column Are An Estimate Of The Surviving Fraction Of Incomplete Specimens. In Such Cases The Weights Are Extrapolations From The Weight Of The Surviving Fractions.
Appendix 29. Sinkers As A Percentage Of Formal Tools. Mean Percentage Frequencies Are Calculated On The Basis Of The 34 Units Containing Sinkers, And On The 75 Units (76–22) Representing The Time-span Of The Type.
Appendix 31. Details Of The Various Bone Awl Types. The Dimensions Given In Millimeters Refer To The Surviving Length Of The Piece, Whether Whole Or Incomplete.
Appendix 32. Data Relating To Bone Spatulas. Under ‘edge Plan’ S = Square, R = Round, S/r = Intermediate Between Square And Round. Ds14 Is A Specimen, From The Albany Levels, Recovered During The Cutting Of The First Season Deep Sounding. The Two Specimens Indicated As Unst. Are Unstratified Specimens Almost Certainly Derived From The Upper Units, 22–62. The Other Entries Are Derived From J. Deacon 1978, Figs. 10 And 11. Bsc Is Wilton And The Remainder Albany. Measurements Are Approximations Derived From Deacon's Drawings.
Appendix 33. Bone Arrowheads, Linkshafts And Hollow Bone Points. Dimensions Refer To Surviving Length And Maximum Diameter Respectively.
Appendix 34. Bone Tubes. The Measurements Refer To Surviving Length, And Maximum Diameter, Respectively.
Appendix 35. Details Of Bone Rings. The Measurements In Each Case Are External Diameter, Internal Diameter, And Thickness (at Right Angles To The Plane Of The Ring), Respectively.
Appendix 36. Details Of Tortoise Shell Showing Evidence Of Utilization. Each Entry Commences With Unit Number And Square.
Appendix 37. Occurrences Of Tortoise Shell Fragments Showing No Signs Of Utilisation. Each Entry Commences With Unit Number And Square.
Appendix 38. Incidence Of Ostrich Eggshell Beads (by Numbers), And Ostrich Eggshell Fragments (by Weight).
Appendix 41. Cranial Measurements For Burials 1 To 5. All Measurements Are In Mm; Mir = Mirror Image; Est = Estimated.
Appendix 42. Mandibular Measurements For Burials 1 To 5. All Measurements Are In Mm; Est = Estimated.
Appendix 46. Identification And Location Of Plant Remains Recovered During The 1979 Field Season. Identifications Are By H. J. Deacon (seeds And Corms) And Anton Scholtz (charcoals), Both Of The Department Of Archaeology, University Of Stellenbosch.
Appendix 47. Percentage Frequencies And Group Totals For Genera And Species Of Molluscs. The Absence Of Figures Other Than For Patella In Unit 44 Results From The Inadvertant Discarding Of The Non- Patella Shells Before Counting.
Appendix 48. Incidence Of Fish Species At Nelson Bay Cave. Due To Errors Or Uncertainties In Packaging, Units 26, 30, 21 And 33 Are Missing, And Units 35 And 36, 40 And 41, 45 And 46, 50 And 51 Have Been Combined As Pairs.
Appendix 49. Notes On Fish Species Represented In The Deposits, Plus Some Notable Absentees. The Figure Appearing In Brackets With The Common Name Is The Serial Number For The Species (j. L. B. Smith 1953), Useful Because It Remains Constant Despite Revisions In Taxonomy Or Common Names.
Appendix 51. Preliminary List Of Seabird Species And Mni From Selected Excavated Units. Dates Are Years Bp. Numbers In Brackets Represent The Number Of Juveniles/nestlings In The Total. * = At Least One Nestling Present; ** = Medullary Bone Present.
Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the links below to export the citation to your chosen bibliographic manager.