Barnes, Gina Lee. Protohistoric Yamato: archaeology of the first Japanese state

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Introduction Protohistoric Japan: Formation Of The State

Western Vs. Eastern Seto

The Mounded Tomb Culture

The Development Of Yamato Authority

The Horserider Theory Of State Formation

The Emergence Of The Yamato State

Scope Of Study

Part 1 Paddy Field Archaeology

Introduction To Part 1

Chapter 1 Research Setting: The Nara Basin

Nara Basin Geography

A History Of Nara Archaeology

From Premodern To Modern Archaeology

Early Organization And Publication

Current Research Institutes And Their Activities


Chapter 2 The Nature Of The Archaeological Record

Four Kinds Of Archaeological Data

Site Definition And Identification

An Indexing System For Site Comparability

Establishing Comparability

The Site Index

Site Numbers

Site Discovery Codes

Site Nomenclature

Site References

Site Proveniences

Site Datings


Excavated Feature Data



Pillared Buildings

Nontomb Burials

Moated Precincts

Various Pits And Their Functions

Ditches And River Courses


Chapter 3 Surface Sites And Their Representativeness


Surface Sites And Survey Interpretation

Factors Of Landscape Modification



Field Construction

Ponds And Canals

Urban Construction

Earth Cycling And Its Archaeological Effects

Site Representativeness

Site Location

Site Size

Fieldwork Biases

Conclusions To Part 1

Part 2 Nara Basin Settlement

Introduction To Part 2

Chapter 4 Territorial Organization In The Nara Basin


Structural Elements Of Early Historic Settlement Patterning



Drainage Catchments

Later Yayoi Communities

Bronze-bell Distributions

Documentary Evidence For Basin Communities

Mounded Tomb Territories

Territorial Polarization

Development Of Regional Hierarchies



Chapter 5 Settlement And Status In Early Stratified Society


General Settlement Patterning

Distributions Of Yayoi V And Early Kofun Materials

Fortified Settlements

Habitation Sites

Economic Centers

Settlement Territories

Social Differentiation In Architectural Features

Building Size As A Status Marker

Quadrangular Buildings And Haniwa Houses

Elite And Commoner Subcultures

Ceremonial Pit Features

Interspersal Of Elite And Commoner Cultures

Protohistoric Settlement: Nucleated Or Dispersed?

Settlement Nucleation In The Medieval Period

Commoner Hamlets And Aristocratic Compounds



Chapter 6 Emergence Of The Yamato State

The Kawachi Court Period


Fifth-century Political Centers

Kawachi: The Window To Continental Exchange

The Localization Of Production

Bead And Iron Manufacture At Furu

The Soga Bead-making Site

Other Production Sites

Contributions Toward Urbanization

The Emergence Of Clan Society And State Administration

The Uji And Be: Clans And Producer/service Groups

The Mononobe, Nakatomi, And Inbe Clans: Military And Ritual Specialists

Administration And The Legitimization Of Power

Ritual Legitimization Of The Fifth-century Dynasty: The Miwa-no-kimi

Religious Legitimization Of The Yamato Ruler: The Ise Shrine

Formation Of The Yamato State

Conclusions To Part 2

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Protohistoric Yamato: archaeology of the first Japanese state

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor: Published jointly by the University of Michigan, Center for Japanese Studies and the Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan. 1988. xx, 473 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Gina L. Barnes

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Yayoi (AB80)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Reviews and critiques (114); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Organization and analysis of results of research (128); Location (131); Topography and geology (133); Post depositional processes in archaeological sites (138); Water supply (312); Ceramic technology (323); Settlement patterns (361); Burial practices and funerals (764); Chronologies and culture sequences (911); Cultural stratigraphy (912); Archaeological inventories (915);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Barnes looks at the rise of state society in Japan in the late Yayoi and Kofun periods through analysis of settlement data. Only the data that might pertain to the Yayoi period were indexed for OCM (Outline of Cultural Materials) subjects. She used existing site data and conducted additional surveys ot obtain her data. As site location data was frequently not very specific (other than mentioning a town), Barnes created a grid of the Nara Basin and located the sites within the grid. Settlement patterns were then studied by analyzing the data within the grid squares. One surprize found was that there was no change in settlement pattern between Yayoi V and Early Kofun. Barnes proposes '…Both the mounded tombs and the Early Kofun culture came into being within the Yayoi V culture, as an elite stratum of society developed. This situation would not be out of keeping with the idea that social differentiation was both accompanied and facilitated by differentiation of material cultures.' (page 247). What archaeologists had been defining as Yayoi V culture may be the subculture of the commoners while Early Kofun culture may be the elite subculture and the two may be contemporaneous. Category 103 (place names) was used for town names although it is not known whether the names were the same during the Yayoi period.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ab80-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 287-300)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1977-1979

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 2003

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). Yayoi period; 2300 BP-1700 BP (300 B.C.-300 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Nara Basin; Japan

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Yayoi culture


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