Xiang, Hai. Early Holocene chicken domestication in northern China

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Early Holocene chicken domestication in northern China

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America -- Vol. 111, no. 49

Published By: Original publisher Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America -- Vol. 111, no. 49 Washington, D.C.: The Academy. 2014. 17564-17569 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Hai Xiang, Jianqiang Gao, Baoquan Yu, Hui Zhou, Dawei Cai, Youwen Zhang, Xiaoyong Chen, Xi Wang, Michael Hofreiter, and Xingbo Zhao

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Yellow River Early Neolithic (AF45)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Organization and analysis of results of research (128); Dating methods in archaeology (1211); Laboratory analysis of materials other than dating methods in archaeology (1212); Climate (132); Fauna (136); Comparative evidence (171); Innovation (176); Poultry raising (235); Chronologies and culture sequences (911);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The authors examined early chicken bones from four sites in China (Nanzhuangtou, Cishan, Wangyin, and Jiuliandun Chu tombs) dating from 10,000 to 2300 BP. The DNA from these remains were compared with other known chicken DNA worldwide to determine whether the bones were chicken, and to which species or haplotype they might belong. It is proposed that China was one of places chickens were domesticated.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 20

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. af45-020

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 17569)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document No Date Given

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeozoologists-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2018

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 10500-2300 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) lower Yellow River drainage, China

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Yellow River Early Neolithic


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