Meighan, Clement Woodward, 1925-. The archaeology of Amapa, Nayarit

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Description Of The Site

Mound Groups And Areas

Excavation Sample

Group A

Group B

Group C

Group D

Group E

Mound E-1

Mound E-3

Mound E-9


Group F

Mound F-1

Mound F-2

Mound F-3

Mound F-4

Mound F-5

Mound F-6

Stratigraphic Profiles And Soil Analyses


Temple Model

Decorated Stones


Cultural Periods And Ceramic Phases

Absolute Dating

Radiocarbon Dating

Obsidian Dating

Reinterpretation Of The Chronology At Amapa

Ceramic Sequence

Pottery Artifacts Other Than Vessels

Caches Of Small Tools

Human Figurines

Animal Figurines




Reptilian Figures:


Pottery Objects

Ear Spools (plate 51)

Labret (plate 81 A–d)

Discs (plates 52–54)

Whistles (plates 55–57)

Spindle Whorls (plates 82, 83; 59–66)

Type 1:

Type 2:

Type 3:

Type 4:

Spindle Whorl Associations And Sequence


Mask Fragments

Pyrite Holders


Slab Objects


Type 1:

Type 2:

Type 3:

Type 4:

Type 5:


Miscellaneous Pottery Objects

Cut Geometrical Pieces Of Pottery



Worked Sherd

Figurine Appendages

Temple Model

Parts Of Vessels

Rattle Pellets

Incensario Appendages


Vessel Supports

Ground And Polished Stone Artifacts

Metates And Manos

Mortars And Pestles



Axes, Celts, Maul


Spindle Whorls (plates 82, 83)

Plummet-shaped Objects

Faceted Abrading Stones (plate 85)

Polished Slate Objects

Miscellaneous Stone Ornaments

Onyx And Alabaster Vessels

Pot Polishers



Chipped Stone Artifacts

Flake Blades And Cores

Core Scrapers

Hammerstones (plate 91 A–f)

Chipped Flake Tools

Projectile Points

Scrapers (plates 96, 97, 98)

Metal Artifacts

Untitled Section: ...

Awls, Needles, Pins, “wire” (plates 99–100)


Tweezers (plate 102)

Bracelet And Rings


Knives And Plaques

Tubes, Beads, Miscellaneous

Metallurgical Analyses

Age And Cultural Context

Distributional Data

Shell Artifacts

Shell Bracelets

Shell Beads

Pendant (?) (plate 111)

Bone And Antler Artifacts

Bone Artifacts

Awls (plate 112 A–g)


Flat Pieces

Knobbed Pieces

Notched Mandible (plate 112 T)

Cut Articulation

Bone Tube


Antler Artifacts (plate 112 U–v)


Grave Lots

Specialized Pottery Vessels

Miniature Vessels


Griddles Or Comales

Review Of Ceramic Types

Early Pottery

Late Pottery

Utilitarian Pottery

Ceramic Comparisons

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The archaeology of Amapa, Nayarit

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph The Archaeology of Amapa, Nayarit, edited by Clement W. Meighan

Published By: Original publisher The Archaeology of Amapa, Nayarit, edited by Clement W. Meighan Los Angeles: Institute of Archaeology, University of California. 1976. xxi, 1-162, 299-487 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Clement W. Meighan

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2001. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. West Mexico Postclassic (NU76)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Ceramic technology (323); Lithic industries (324); Metallurgy (325); Structures (340); Settlement patterns (361); General tools (412); Utensils (415); Visual arts (5311); Burial practices and funerals (764);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Meighan discusses the findings from the excavations at the site of Amapa. The excavations uncovered evidence of occupation that extended from the Gavilán phase circa 300 B.C. up through the Santiago phase which ended circa 1400 A.D. Excavations occurred in Groups A through F. Excavations were placed in the center of some of the various mound groups, in both large and small mounds, two cemeteries, and a ballcourt. The faunal remains, the human skeletal remains, the ballcourt, and the ceramic sequence are described in more detail in document numbers 9 through 14. Findings from the excavations include ceramics (ornaments, whistles, spindle whorls, pipes, figurines, etc.), ground stone artifacts (manos, metates, other tools, ornaments, spindle whorls, etc.), flaked stone artifacts, metal artifacts mostly made of copper (fishhooks, ornaments, bells, other tools), and shell and bone artifacts. Most, if not all, of the larger mounds were constructed during the Cerritos phase (600 A.D. - 1000 A.D.) which extends into the Postclassic time period by 100 years. As these mounds continued to be used during the Ixcuintla phase (1000 A.D. - 1300 A.D.) and Santiago phase (1300 A.D. - circa 1400 A.D.) they were lightly indexed for Outline of Cultural Material (OCM) categories. Other artifacts associated with the Cerritos phase were also lightly indexed for OCMs. The reader will have to use caution when using OCMs not to mix time periods.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 3

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nu76-003

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 299-306) Microfiche not available|Page numbers for plates given in 'List of Illustrations' are incorrect (off by 30)|Pages 162-298, 487-506 (Appendices A - D and reports by Grosscup and Clune) are included as separate documents

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1959

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 1999

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 100 BP - 1650 BP (900 A.D. - 1350 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Amapa site; Santiago Ixcuintla; Nayarit, Mexico

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Indians of Mexico--Antiquities


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