Bar-Yosef, Ofer. The origins of agriculture in the Near East

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The origins of agriculture in the Near East

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Last hunters, first farmers, edited by T. Douglas Price and Anne Birgitte Gebauer

Published By: Original publisher Last hunters, first farmers, edited by T. Douglas Price and Anne Birgitte Gebauer Santa Fe, N.M.: School of American Research Press. 1995. 39-94, 301-346 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Ofer Bar-Yosef and Richard H. Meadow

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Epipaleolithic (M080)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Culture summary (105); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Chronologies and culture sequences (911); Settlement patterns (361); Tribe and nation (619);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Bar-Yosef and Meadow write about the origins of cultivation which occurred during the Natufian period, and the origins of animal husbandry which occurred during the Neolithic (and was not indexed for OCM [Outline of Cultural Materials] subjects). They summarize some of the geographical features, the paleoclimatological changes, and the archaeology from 24,000 to 10,000 years ago. They stress that farmers coexisted with hunter-gatherers. They believe sedentism came before cereal cultivation. And that successful agriculture (and sedentism) depended on the development of the concepts of real property and territoriality.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. m080-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 301-346)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2007

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 24,000 BP-10,000 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Near East: Eygpt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordon, Lebanon, Palestinian Autonomous Areas, Syria, and Turkey

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Middle East--Antiquities

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