Valla, François Raymond. The first settled societies: Natufian (12,500-10,200 BP)

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The first settled societies: Natufian (12,500-10,200 BP)

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph The archaeology of society in the Holy Land, edited by Thomas E. Levy

Published By: Original publisher The archaeology of society in the Holy Land, edited by Thomas E. Levy New York, N.Y.: Facts on File. 1995. 169-189, 566-567 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication François Valla

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Epipaleolithic (M080)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Culture summary (105); Lithic industries (324); Bone, horn, and shell technology (321); Visual arts (5311); Architecture (341); Burial practices and funerals (764);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document To offer an explanation of the phenomonon known as the Natufian, as archaeological data 'never has an uniquivocal meaning, and … depends upon a series of interpretations;' Francois Valla states 'it is necessary to observe it, take measure of its complexity, and to describe it appropriately.' (page 169). To that end he summarizes the material industries (lithic, bone);architecture; food (procurement, storage, diet); burial data; art and decoration; physical appearance and health; differences between the early, late, and final Natufian phases; how sedentary they may have been; the site of Mallaha; and domestication of the dog.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 9

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. m080-009

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 566-567)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2007

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). Natufian; 12,500-10,200 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Egypt, Israel, Jordon, Lebanon, Palestinian Autonomous Areas, and Syria

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Natufian culture/Middle East--Antiquities


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