Byrd, Brian F.. Early village life at Beidha, Jordan: neolithic spatial organization and vernacular architecture, the excavations of Mrs Diana Kirkbride-Helbæk

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Site Setting, History Of Excavations And Occupation Sequence

Site Setting

The Excavations

Occupation History

Natufian Encampment

Neolithic Village

Nabatean Agricultural Terraces

Summary

Chapter 3 Analytical Approach, The Phasing Model, And Presentation Conventions

The Approach And Methods Used In The Stratigraphic Analysis

The Phasing Model

Presentation Conventions

Chapter 4 Stratigraphy And Chronology

Phase A

Subphase A1

Subphase A2

Nonsubphased A

Phase B

Phase C

Subphase C1 And Nonsubphased Buildings In The North

Nonsubphased Buildings In The South

Subphase C2 Buildings

Excavations Beyond The Tell

Small Soundings

Village Wall Excavations

Eastern Sector Excavations

J10–j11 And K10–k11

J12–j14 And K12–k14

Summary

Radiocarbon Dating And Chronology Of The Neolithic Village

Summary Of Neolithic Village Occupation History

Chapter 5 Architectural Construction, Remodeling And Use Life

Village Wall

Phase A

Central Courtyard Area

Subphase A1 Buildings

Building 41

Building 48

Building 50

Building 18

Building 49

Building 17

Subphase A2 Buildings

Building 37

Building 56

Building 51

Building 52

Building 33

Building 83

Building 74

Building 21

Building 38

Phase A Buildings And Courtyard In The North

Northeast Courtyard

Building 29

Building 53

Building 55

Building 54

Phase B

Building 43

Building 31

Building 32

Building 15

Building 44

Building 36

Building 35

Building 34

Building 40

Building 25

Building 47

Building 24

Building 60

Building 61

Building 82

Building 42

Building 26

Building 81

Phase C

Subphase C1 Buildings

Building 7

Building 6

Building 23

Building 22

Building 73

Building 5

Building 9

Building 4

Building 1

Nonsubphased C Buildings

Building 3

Building 72

Building 2

Building 71

Building 10

Building 11

Building 12

Building 20

Building 16

Building 14

Building 19

Building 13

Subphase C2 Buildings

Building 8

Building 75

Building 76

Eastern Sector

Oval Pit Features

Building 80

Building 78

Building 77

Building 79

Chapter 6 Architectural Patterning, Continuity, And Change

Phase A

Architectural Construction: Structural And Design Variability

Construction Timing, Longevity, And Abandonment

Phase B

Architectural Construction: Structural And Design Variability

Construction Timing, Longevity, And Abandonment

Phase C

Architectural Construction: Structural And Design Variability

Construction Timing, Longevity, And Abandonment

Eastern Sector

Architectural Construction: Structural And Design Variability

Construction Timing, Longevity, And Abandonment

Summary

Comparisons And Trends Within Southwest Asia

Chapter 7 Community Organization And Utilization Of Space

Building Interiors And The Arrangement Of Space

Internal Structural Features

Artifacts Associated With Building Floors

Building Size And Function

Interior Area Of Buildings

Functional Interpretation Of Buildings

Household Reconstruction

Spatial Structure Of The Community

Phase A

Phase B

Phase C

Synopsis Of Community Organizational Continuity And Change

Chapter 8 Conclusion

Summary

Emerging Organizational Trends During The Neolithic Of Southwest Asia

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Early village life at Beidha, Jordan: neolithic spatial organization and vernacular architecture, the excavations of Mrs Diana Kirkbride-Helbæk

Published By: Original publisher Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press. 2005. iii-xiv, 442 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Brian F. Byrd

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aceramic Neolithic (M084)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Settlement patterns (361); Dwellings (342); Religious and educational structures (346); Cultural stratigraphy (912); Property in movables (422); Archaeological excavation methods (1210);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Byrd describes the excavations at Beidha, one of the few sites that has been substantially excavated, giving us a better idea of what a complete village would have looked like. The excavatons were conducted under the direction of the late Diana Kirkbride-Helbaek. Brian Byrd participated in the final season of excavations and wrote this document. He describes the excavations, the organization of the field notes and photographs, the stratigraphy, the architecture and village layout, and briefly describes some of the artifacts found within the buildings. Beidha was occupied in the late Epipaleolithic, the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B, and the Nabatean. This report focuses on the PPNB settlement and its architecture and discusses the rise of private property.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. m084-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 137-144)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1958, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1983

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2007

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B; 9178 BP- 8596 BP (7178 BC-6596 BC)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Beidha, Jordon

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Architecture, Domestic--Jordan--Beidha Site/Excavations (Archaeology)--Jordan--Beidha Site/Vernacular architecture--Jordan--Beidha Site/Community organization--Jordan--History--To 1500/Beidha Site (Jordan)

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