Tobler, Arthur John, 1908-. Excavations at Tepe Gawra: volume II levels Ix-XX

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Introduction

I. Architectural Remains (plates I–xxi, Xxviii–xlv)

A. Strata Ix–xi (plates Ii–v, Xxix–xxxii, Xxxiii.a)

B. Stratum Xi-a (plates Vi, Vii, Xxxiii.b, Xxxiv, Xxxv)

C. Strata Xii And Xii-a (plates Viii–x; Xxxvi, Xxxvii.a)

D. Strata Xiii And Xiv (plates Xi–xiv; Xxxvii.b, Xxxviii, Xxxix)

E. Strata Xv–xvi (plates Xv–xvii, Xl, Xli, Xlii.a).

F. Strata Xvii–xx (plates Xviii–xx, Xlii.b, Xliii–xlv)

G. The Soundings At The Foot Of The Mound: Area A And The Northeast Base (plates Xxi, C)

Ii. Tombs (plates Xxii–xxvii; Xlvi–lix; Ciii–cviii)

A. The Stratigraphic Problem (plates Xxii, Xxiii, Xlvi.a)

B. Types And Construction (plates Xxiv–xxvii; Xlvi.b–xlix)

C. Physical Remains And Burial Customs (plates Xxvi, Xxvii, L–lii.a)

D. Tomb Furnishings (plates Lii.b–lxi; Ciii–cviii)

Pottery (plate Ciii, Figs. 1–6)

Stone (plates Lii.b-liii; Ciii-civ, Figs. 7–24)

Bone And Ivory (plates Liv, Cv)

Seals (plates Lix.c; Cvi, Figs. 35–39)

Beads And Pendants (plates Lv–lvii; Cvi–cvii, Figs. 40–52)

Copper

Gold And Electrum (plates Lviii, Lix.a And B; Cvii–cviii, Figs. 53–65)

Iii. Graves (plates Lx–lxvi)

A. Stratigraphic Origins And Distribution

B. Types Of Graves (plates Lx–lxiii.a; Lxiv–lxvi)

C. Physical Remains And Burial Customs (plates Lx–lxiv; Lxvi.b)

D. Grave Furnishings (plates Lx.b-lxiv)

E. Conclusions

Iv. Pottery (plates Lxvii–lxxx; Cix–clii)

A. Area A And Northeast Base (plates Lxvii; Cix–cxvii, Figs. 1–70)

B. Strata Xx–xvii (plates Lxviii–lxxv; Cxix–cxxiii, Figs. 71–121)

C. Strata Xvi–xv (plates Lxxvi, Lxxvii; Cxxiv–cxxvi, Figs. 122–166; Cxlix, Figs. 444–459)

D. Stratum Xiii (plates Lxxviii.c And D; Cxxvii–cxxxii, Figs. 167–234; Cl–cli, Figs. 460–513)

E. Strata Xii-a And Xii (plates Lxxviii.a And B, Lxxix.e And F; Cxxxiii–cxl, Figs. 235–327)

F. Stratum Xi-a (plates Lxxix.c; Cxli–cxliii, Figs. 328–366)

G. Strata Xi–ix (plates Lxxix.a, B And D, Lxxx; Cxliv–cxlviii, Figs. 367–443; Clii, Figs. 514–525)

H. Appendix

V. Terra Cotta Objects (plates Lxxxi–lxxxvii; Cliii–clvii)

A. Terra Cotta Models (plates Lxxxi–lxxxiii.a And C; Cliii–clv, Figs. 1–23)

B. Miscellaneous Terra Cottas (plates Lxxxiii.b, D–g, Lxxxiv–lxxxvii; Clv–clvii, Figs. 24–72)

Vi. Seals And Seal Impressions (plates Lxxxviii, Lxxxix; Clviii–clxx)

A. Linear And Geometric Designs (plates Lxxxviii.a, Nos. 1–4, 6, 9, 11, 12; Clviii–clxii, Figs. 1–73)

B. Drilled Designs (plate Clxii, Figs. 74 And 75)

C. Naturalistic Designs—human Figures (plates Lxxxviii.a, Nos. 5, 7, 10; Lxxxix.c, D; Clxii–clxiv, Figs. 76–102)

D. Naturalistic Designs—animal Figures (plates Lxxxviii.c, Lxxxix.b; Clxiv–clxx, Figs. 103–175)

E. Naturalistic Designs—fishes, Snakes And Scorpions (plates Lxxxviii.a, B; Lxxxix.a; Clxx, Figs. 176–184)

Vii. Beads, Pendants, Amulets And Ornaments (plates Xc–xcii; Clxxi–clxxv)

A. Beads (plates Xc, Xci.a, Xcii.a, Nos. 1–5; Clxxi, Figs. 1–16)

B. Pendants And Amulets (plates Xci.b, Xcii; Clxxii–clxxv, Figs. 17–66)

C. Ornaments (plates Xcii.a, Nos. 9–13; Xcii.c, Nos. 2, 3; Clxxv, Figs. 67–76)

Viii. Stone Objects (plates Xciii–xcvii; Clxxvi–clxxxi)

A. Implements Of Obsidian And Flint (plates Xciii.a, Nos. 1–4; Xciii.b, C; Clxxvi, Figs. 1–17)

B. Cores (plate Xciv.b)

C. Blade Handle (plate Clxxvi, Fig. 18)

D. Celts (plates Xciii.a, Nos. 5–9; Xcv. A–c; Clxxvii, Figs. 19–28)

E. Mace-heads (plates Xciv.d–f; Xcvii.a, Nos. 3–5; Clxxvii, Figs. 29–37)

F. Hammer-stones (plates Xciv.a, C; Xcvii.a, No. 2; Clxxviii, Figs. 38–43)

G. Pestles And Grinders (plates Xcvi.b; Clxxviii, Figs. 44–47)

H. Spindle Whorls (plate Clxxix, Figs. 48–50)

J. Gaming Pieces (plates Xcvi.a; Clxxix, Figs. 51–53)

K. Weights (plates Xcvii.b; Clxxix, Fig. 54)

L. Whetstones (plate Clxxix, Figs. 55 And 56)

M. Mortars (plates Xcvii.d; Clxxix, Figs. 57–59)

N. Palettes (plates Xcvii.a, Nos. 1, 6–10; Clxxix, Figs. 60–62)

O. Vessels (plates Xcv.d; Clxxx–clxxxi, Figs. 63–92)

P. Human Figurines (plate Xcv.e)

Q. Varia (plates Xcvii.c; Clxxxi, Figs. 93–96)

Ix. Copper Objects (plates Xcviii.a; Clxxxii, Figs. 1–3)

X. Bone Objects (plates Xcviii.b, Xcix; Clxxxii, Figs. 4–15)

A. Tools And Implements (plates Xcviii.b, Xcix.a, Xcix.c, No. 1; Clxxxii, Fig. 4)

B. Tubes (plate Clxxxii, Figs. 6–10)

C. Playing-pipes Or Flutes (plates Xcix.b, C, No. 2, D; Clxxxii, Figs. 11–15)

D. Inlay (plate Clxxxii, Fig. 5)

Xi. Report On A Skull From The Well In Area A

Foreword

The Age Of The Tepe Gawra Skull

Description Of The Tepe Gawra Skull

Comparative Study Of The Tepe Gawra Skull

References

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Excavations at Tepe Gawra: volume II levels Ix-XX

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Excavations at Tepe Gawra

Published By: Original publisher Excavations at Tepe Gawra Philadelphia: Published for the American Schools of Oriental Research by University of Pennsylvania Press. 1935-1950. xiii, 444 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication By Arthur J. Tobler

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Halafian (M086)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Tobler describes the excavations and the findings from levels VIII through XX and the soundings in Area A and the Northeast Base. Only strata XX, Area A and the Northeast Base are dated to the Halaf period. Only the data that pertains to the Halaf period was indexed for OCM (Outline of Cultural Materials) subjects. This includes some data from stata XIX that also pertains to the Halaf period, especially the pottery. The architecture as it is found in each level, the pottery, and the seals and sealings are described in some detail. But the other artifacts, such as stone tools, stone vessels, and bone tools are described in less detail than is common among current authors.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 23

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. m086-023

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Vol. 1 issued as Publications of the Baghdad School, Excavations, v. 1; v. 2 published for the University Museum by University of Pennsylvania Press in the series, Museum monographs plates I-CLXXII paginated by HRAF as 261-444

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1932-1938

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2006

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). Halaf through Uruk periods

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Tepe Gawra, Iraq

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Gawra, Tepe (Iraq)/Iraq--Antiquities

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