Stoltman, James B., 1935-. The Laurel culture in Minnesota

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Laurel culture in Minnesota

Published By: Original publisher St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society. 1973. viii, 1-36, 46-93, 112-146 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by James B. Stoltman

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Initial Shield Woodland (NC54)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Identification (101); Ceramic technology (323); Visual arts (5311); Burial practices and funerals (764); Typologies and classifications (914);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Stoltman describes the excavations and findings from several Laurel sites (mostly funerary mounds) in Minnesota. These sites had been excavated by Lloyd A. Wilford in 1933, 1939, 1940 and 1956. The Pearson Site was excavated by the author and others in 1961. Stoltman describes the very involved mortuary practices of the Laurel culture. Stoltman also analyzed the ceramics in order to type them and to help date the sites. Few radiocarbon dates were available from the four sites excavated. Only the material pertaining to the Laurel culture (not the Blackduck phase materials) was indexed for Outline of Cultural Materials (OCM) codes. So the reader is advised to use caution as both Laurel and Blackduck artifacts were found in the burial mounds and the author does not make it immediately clear which artifacts belong to which culture.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 6

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nc54-006

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 142-146) For Chapter 3, Faunal analysis, by Paul W. Lukens, Jr. see document 8: Lukens; For Chapter 5, Artifact analysis, by David L. Webster see document 9: Webster

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1961

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 2001

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 2100 BP-1400 to 1200 BP (100 B.C.-600 to 800 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Laurel culture; Minnesota, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Canada, Eastern--Antiquities

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