Lukens, Paul W., 1928-. The vertebrate fauna from Pike Bay Mound, Smith Mound 4, and McKinstry Mound

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The vertebrate fauna from Pike Bay Mound, Smith Mound 4, and McKinstry Mound

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph The Laurel culture in Minnesota, edited by James B. Stoltman

Published By: Original publisher The Laurel culture in Minnesota, edited by James B. Stoltman St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society. 1973. 37-45 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Paul Lukens, Jr.

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Initial Shield Woodland (NC54)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Fauna (136); Animal by-products (237); Diet (262);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Lukens describes and presents an analysis of the vertebate faunal remains from Pike Bay, Smith, and McKinistry Mounds (burial mounds) that were excavated by Lloyd A. Wilford. Fish bone was not identified to the species level. The Laurel people's protein came mostly from fish (mostly sturgeon), beaver, and moose. Lukens also examines the likely seasons each site would have been occupied.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 8

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nc54-008

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: For bibliographical references see document 6:Stoltman (p. 142-146)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 2001

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). Laurel phase

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Pike Bay Mound, Smith Mound 4, and McKinistry Mound 1; Laurel culture, Minnesota, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Canada, Eastern--Antiquities


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