Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Benn, David W., 1948-
Hadfields Cave: a perspective on Late Woodland culture in northeastern Iowa
Published By: Original publisher
Iowa City: Office of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa. 1980. xii, 238 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
David W. Benn
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Eastern Late Woodland (NN67)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Archaeological excavation methods (1210);
Annual cycle (221);
Hunting and trapping (224);
Woven and other interworked fabrics (286);
Bone, horn, and shell technology (321);
Ceramic technology (323);
Lithic industries (324);
Visual arts (5311);
Chronologies and culture sequences (911);
Cultural stratigraphy (912);
Typologies and classifications (914);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Benn excavated Hadfields Cave, a site that dates from the Intermediate period to the beginning of the Late Woodland, or 1700 B.P.- 1200 B.P. (300 A.D. to 800 A.D.). The upper stratum date from 500 A.D. to 800 A.D. and include Linn and Madison Ware ceramics. The author does not always distinguish between the stratum when discussing the tools or ceramics so the reader needs to use caution. Benn has named the Late Woodland complexes in northeastern Iowa the Keyes Phase, a component of the Effigy Mound Tradition. Benn describes the ceramics found in the cave and compares them to others in the neighboring states. The twined fabrics found as part of the cord and/or fabric-roughened decorations on the ceramics are described in detail and some of the fabrics are reconstructed. The stone, bone, and shell tools and musical instruments are described and some of them are shown in the plates. Seed remains were 'extracted from 341 liters of soil systematically sampled from features and levels…at the site.' (page 122). These are used to help reconstruct environment, diet, fuel use, and seasonality. The growth rings in the white-tailed deer teeth were examined for seasonality indicators as were the faunal remains and it appears the cave was occupied during the fall, winter and spring.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 214-237) Not included: Appendices A-F [microfiche (2 sheets (196 p. ; 11 x15 cm.) in pocket]
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry ; 2004
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
1700 BP-1200 BP (300 A.D.-800 A.D.)
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Hadfields Cave (13JN3); Iowa, United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings