Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Mallam, R. Clark
The Iowa Effigy Mound manifestation: an interpretive model
Published By: Original publisher
Iowa City: Office of the State Archaeologist, The University of Iowa. 1976. viii, 128 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by R. Clark Mallam
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Eastern Late Woodland (NN67)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Reviews and critiques (114);
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Topography and geology (133);
Miscellaneous structures (349);
Miscellaneous facilities (368);
Visual arts (5311);
Social relationships and groups (571);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Mallam uses data from previous surveys and his own survey of the effigy mounds in Iowa to propose some interpretive models on the Effigy Mound tradition. Using statistics he was able to place the effigy mounds into four categories and to show that most effigy mounds in Iowa occur within the Driftless Zone and near the confluence of a tributary and the Mississippi River. The mounds were made by different social groups with the mound complexes functioning as territorial demarcators. These gatherings probably occurred during the late spring and early summer so '… activities such as gift-giving, marriages, and alliances [could be] conducted …espcially for the purpose of insuring access to favorable natural resource areas…' (page 57) such as those found within the Mississippi trench. A third hypothesis on the subsistence-settlement patterns (summer gatherings at the mound complexes with people dispersing into family groups during the winter) needs additional data from sites other than mound complexes before it can be fully evaluated.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 113-128)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry ; 2004
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Effigy Mound; 1700 BP-358 BP (300 A.D.-1642 A.D.)
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Iowa and Wisconsin; United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings