Meinholz, Norman M.. The Statz site (47 Da-642): a Late Woodland community and Archaic lithic workshop in Dane County, Wisconsin

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1 Introduction

Project Location And Description

Native American Occupations At The Statz Site

2 Environmental Setting

Geology And Geomorphology

Soils And Drainage

Vegetation

Archaic Period Vegetation Trends

Woodland Period

Natural Resources

Upland Xeric Forest

Oak Openings

Prairie

Wetlands (marsh And Sedge Meadows)

Disturbed Environments

3 Native American Occupations

Archaeological Research

Physiographic Regions

Chronological Framework

The Paleoindian Tradition

The Archaic Tradition

Early Archaic Stage

Middle Archaic Stage

Late Archaic Stage

The Woodland Tradition

Early Woodland Stage

Middle Woodland Stage

Late Woodland Stage

Historic Native American Period

4 Research Design And Methods

Phase Ii Evaluation

Research Design

Phase Iii Excavation

Hillslope Positions

Laboratory Procedures

Lithic Analysis

Ceramic Analysis

Feature Analysis

Curation

5 Spatial Distribution Of Artifacts

Controlled Surface Collection

Chipped-stone Artifacts

Cores

Debitage

Nonformal Tools

Bifaces

Hafted Bifaces

Ceramics

Fire-cracked Rock

Interpretation Of Controlled Surface Collection

Excavation Unit Distributions

Drainage Channel Area

Northeast Upland Area

6 Semi-subterranean Basin (keyhole) Structures

Description Of The Structures

Structure Feature 90

Structure Feature 128

Structure Feature 134

Structure Feature 141

Structure Feature 142

Structure Feature 144

Structure Orientation

Structure Use And Abandonment

7 Other Features And Occupation Areas

Pit Features

Basin-shaped Pits

Flat-bottomed Pits

Pit Function And Cultural Association

Debitage Concentrations

Rock Hearths

Midden Areas

Post Molds

Occupation Areas

Assignment Of Features To Specific Components

Occupation Area I

Occupation Area Ii

Archaic Features

Woodland Features

Post Molds

Occupation Area Iii

Archaic Features

Woodland Features

Occupation Area Iv

Woodland Features

Archaic Features

8 Ceramic Analysis

Collared Vessels

Discussion

Cord-impressed Vessels

Discussion

Plain Vessels

Discussion

Miniature Vessels

Discussion

Incised Vessels

Discussion

Ceramic Pipe Fragments

9 Lithic Artifacts

Projectile Points

Stemmed Points

Type Ia: Stemmed, Bifurcate Base Point

Type Ib: Expanding Stem, Excurvate Blade Points

Type Ic: Contracting Stem, Rounded Base Points

Type Id: Contracting, Square To Irregular Stem

Type Ie: Small Stemmed Points

Type If: Broad Stemmed Points

Notched Points

Type Iia: Large Side-notched, U-shaped, Square Ears

Type Iib: Small Side-notched Points

Type Iic: Oblique Side-notched, Straight Base Points

Type Iid: Broad Side-notched, Triangular Blade, Concave Based

Type Iie: Shallow Side-notched, Triangular Bladed Points

Type Iif: Shallow Side-notched, Lanceolate Blade Points

Type Iig: Side-notched, Bifurcate Base Points

Type Iih: Weak Side-notched

Type Iii: Miscellaneous Side-notched

Type Iij: Deep Corner-notched Point

Type Iik: Corner-notched Point

Small Points

Type Iiia: Unnotched, Flake Points

Type Iiib: Side-notched Flake Points

Type Iiic: Unnotched, Triangular Points

Type Iiid: Notched Triangular Points

Unnotched Points

Type Iva: Ovate To Triangular Unnotched Points

Miscellaneous Points

Bifaces

Drills

Wedges

Unifacial Tools

Graver

Blades

Bipolar Artifacts

Chert Chopper/hammer

Hammerstones

Anvil Stones

Ground Stone Tools

Miscellaneous Items

10 Radiocarbon Dates

Late Woodland Contexts

Structures

Pits Associated With Structures

Pit Associated With Collared Ceramics

Midden Area

Archaic Contexts

11 8,000 Years Of History: Contributions Of Statz Site Research

Archaic Components At Statz

Early Archaic Stage

Middle Archaic Stage

Late Archaic Stage

Archaic Subsistence

Lithic Technology

Significance Of The Archaic Occupations

Woodland Components At Statz

Early Woodland Occupation

Middle Woodland Occupation

Late Woodland Occupations

Ceramic Technology

Lithic Technology

Subsistence And Natural Resources

Subsistence Models

Late Woodland Community Structure

Statz Household Clusters

Household Cluster A

Household Cluster A Attributes

Household Cluster B

Household Cluster B Attributes

Household Cluster C

Household Cluster C Attributes

Discussion

Seasonality

Activities

Group Size

Occupation Duration

Local Significance Of The Late Woodland Occupation

Regional Significance Of The Late Woodland Occupation

Keyhole Structures In Wisconsin

Keyhole Structures In The Midwest And Northeast

Future Research From The Perspective Of Statz

The Middle/late Archaic Component

The Late Woodland Component

Other Components

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Statz site (47 Da-642): a Late Woodland community and Archaic lithic workshop in Dane County, Wisconsin

Published By: Original publisher Madison, Wis.: State Historical Society of Wisconsin. 1997. ix, 1-170, 192-247 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Norman M. Meinholz and Jennifer L. Kolb

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Eastern Late Woodland (NN67)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Dating methods in archaeology (1211); Post depositional processes in archaeological sites (138); Food preparation (252); Ceramic technology (323); Lithic industries (324); Dwellings (342); Heating and lighting equipment (354); Settlement patterns (361); Housing (362); Weapons (411); General tools (412); Utensils (415); Visual arts (5311); Chronologies and culture sequences (911); Cultural stratigraphy (912); Archaeological inventories (915);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a cultural resource management report on the excavation and analysis of a multicomponent site. It was conducted in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. About 11,736 square meters or about 70 percent of the site was excavated. The Statz site's main occupations date from the Middle to Late Archaic and the Late Woodland. The Late Woodland occupation was the most extensive component at the site. Only the data that pertain to or might pertain to the Late Woodland occupation were indexed for OCM (Outline of Cultural Materials) subjects. 'During excavation, 194 cultural features were identified representing primarily pits, debitage concentrations and semi-subterranean (keyhole) structures. The primary focus of the Late Woodland occupation was a small community of six structures and associated features…. Three household clusters were defined, consisting of paired structures and associated pits. The ceramic assemblage included heavy cord-impressed jars, Madison series ceramics and collared vessels [and pipe fragments, daub and burned clay]. The lithic assemblage included unnotched triangular points and metates [and expedient tools and debitage].' (page xiii). Meinholz spends considerable time analyzing the keyhole structures, their associated contents, and Late Woodland community or household structure. The Late Woodland occupation was probably during the late fall or winter. The Statz site is compared to other sites in the Wisconsin area and keyhole structures are compared with others found from Pennsylvania to New York to Wisconsin.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 8

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nn67-008

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 235-237)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1988-1990

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 2003

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). Late Woodland; 1200 BP -800 BP (800 A.D.- 1200 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Statz site (47 Da-642); Wisconsin, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Woodland culture

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