Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Bense, Judith Ann, 1945-
The Cascade phase: a study in the effect of the altithermal on a cultural system
Published By: Original publisher
Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms. 1972 [1999 copy]. xv, 214 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Judith Ann Bense
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2001. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Organization and analysis of results of research (128);
Cultural participation (184);
Lithic industries (324);
General tools (412);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Bense examined "the assumed causal relationship between climatic change and cultural change," (page vi). To test the theory that a change in climate will force people to change and adapt their culture Bense studied artifacts from thirteen archaeological sites found along the lower Snake River that dated to the Cascade Phase (8000 to 5000 B.P.). The Cascade Phase occurs during the Altithermal, a dry climatic episode. Through statistical analyses of the artifacts she was able to show "there was no visible response of the Cascade Phase people," (page vii) to the change in climate as there was no change in their economy, settlement pattern, or artifact assemblages.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
UM 72-31,259 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Washington State University, 1972 Includes bibliographical references (p. 118-125) This document contains unreadable photographs/figures.
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Archaeologist - 4, 5
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry ; 2000
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
8000 BP-5000 BP
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Lower Snake River Region; southeastern Washington; United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Indians of North America--Columbia Plateau--Antiqu