Butler, B. Robert. Contributions to the prehistory of the Columbia Plateau: a report on excavations in the Palouse and Craig Mountain sections

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1. Introduction

I The Setting

The Craig Mountain Section

The Palouse Section

Climatic History Of The Craig Mountain And Palouse Sections

Ii The Problem

2. A Report On Excavations At Camas Prairie In The Craig Mountain Section Of The Columbia Plateau

I

Rocky Canyon

Grave Creek Canyon

Ii Background To The 1961–62 Camas Prairie Excavations

Iii The Weis Rockshelter

Plan And History Of Excavation

Iv Sediments, Soils, Climate, And Time

Key To North Wall Of Trench 3 (fig. 6)

Key To North Wall Of Trench 2 (fig. 7)

The Volcanic Ash Deposits

Establishing A Time Sequence

V Faunal Assemblages And Sequences

The Artiodactyla

The Carnivora

The Rodentia

The Birds

The Fish

The Amphibians

The Mollusca

Summary Comment On The Faunal Sequence

Vi Botanicals

Vii The Material Culture

The Chipped Stone Artifacts

Discussion Of The Chipped Stone Artifacts

Ground Stone Artifacts

Discussion Of The Ground Stone Artifacts

Artifacts Of Bone And Antler

Comment On Bone And Antler Artifacts

Artifacts Of Shell

Viii The Cultural Sequence

Craig Mountain Phase

Grave Creek Phase

Rocky Canyon Phase

Camas Prairie Phase

Discussion And Conclusions

3. Excavations At Camas Prairie, Continued

I The Cooper's Ferry Site (10-ih-73)

Physical Stratigraphy

Material Culture Remains

Discussion And Conclusions

Ii Mclaughlin's Flat (10-ih-67)

Iii Picture Cave (10-ih-69)

4. Ash Cave: An Early Site At Eureka Flat In The Palouse Section

I

Ii History Of Discovery And Excavation

Iii The Physical Stratigraphy

Iv Features

V Chronology

Vi Faunal Remains

Vii Cultural Remains

Viii Discussion And Conclusions

5. Conclusions

I

Ii

Iii

Iv

V

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Contributions to the prehistory of the Columbia Plateau: a report on excavations in the Palouse and Craig Mountain sections

Published By: Original publisher [Pocatello, Idaho]: [s.n.]. [1962]. ii, 86 p., plates ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by B. Robert Butler

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2001. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Cascade (NR50)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Topography and geology (133); Fauna (136); Bone, horn, and shell technology (321); Lithic industries (324); Weapons (411); General tools (412); Cultural stratigraphy (912);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Butler reports on excavations on the Columbia Plateau: four sites in Camas Prairie, Idaho (Weis Rockshelter, Cooper's Ferry, McLaughlin's Flat, and Picture Cave) and one site along the Snake River, Washington (Ash Cave). Four sites contain assemblages that date to the Cascade time period, which Butler calls the Craig Mountain phase in this report (Weis Rockshelter, Cooper's Ferry, Picture Cave, and Ash Cave). Most of this report centers on the excavations at Weis Rockshelter. Butler was interested in further defining the Old Cordilleran culture which centered around the Cascade point. (Studies of the Old Cordilleran culture and Cascade point led later researchers to define the Cascade culture.) Butler believed the Old Cordilleran culture may have originated around The Dalles on the lower Columbia River and spread east and perhaps west from there. The importance of Ash Cave is that it lies halfway between The Dalles and Weis Rockshelter and dates between the two sites.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nr50-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Errata slip inserted Includes bibliographical references ( p. 82-86)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1958, 1961, 1962

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist - 4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2000

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 8900 BP - 3490 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Columbia Plateau; Idaho and Washington, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Indians of North America--Columbia Plateau--Antiquities

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