Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Pavesic, Max Gregory, 1939-
The archaeology of Hells Canyon Creek Rockshelter, Wallowa County, Oregon
Published By: Original publisher
Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms. 1971 [1999 copy]. xi, 211 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Max Gregory Pavesic
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2001. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Historical reconstruction (174);
Lithic industries (324);
Cultural stratigraphy (912);
Typologies and classifications (914);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Pavesic helped excavate and analyze the archaeological collection from Hells Canyon Rockshelter in Oregon. The site was probably used in the winter as a hunting camp. Site occupation occured from about 7,500 B.P. to 200 B.P. (5500 B.C. to 1800 A.D.). The phases that are in the Cascade time period are the Hells Canyon Creek phase (5500 B.C.-4500 B.C.) and Squaw Creek I phase (4500 B.C.-1500 B.C.) that extends beyond the Cascade time period. Hells Canyon Creek phase is considered to be occupations 1-5 and is found in layers E1, D, D1, D2, C2, and C3. Squaw Creek I phase is considered to be occupation 6 and is found in layer C. The Mt Mazama ash fall (dated to 4600 B.C.) and the Squaw Creek II phase are also found in layer C. Layer C is broken down into C, C1, and C2. Pavesic does not always clearly identify which artifacts belong to which occupations or layers during his artifact descriptions. All artifacts labeled as belonging to layer C were included in the analysis of this document. Therefore, the reader should use caution as some of the material in this document will be outside the time period. Pavesic's analysis centers around the point forms and the survival of the Cascade point (an artifact diagnostic of the the Cascade time period) in this area to around 105 B.C. (2105 B.P.).
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
UM 72-3693 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Colorado, 1971 Includes bibliographical references (p. 164-182) This document contains unreadable photographs/figures.
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry; 2000
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
7500 BP-3500 BP (5500 B.C.-1500 B.C.)
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Hells Canyon Rockshelter, Oregon, United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Indians of North America--Columbia Plateau--Antiqu