Burger, Richard L.. The Late Preceramic and the beginnings of Peruvian civilization

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Late Preceramic and the beginnings of Peruvian civilization

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Chavin and the origins of Andean civilization

Published By: Original publisher Chavin and the origins of Andean civilization New York: Thames and Hudson. 1995. 26-42 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Richard L. Burger

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2014. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Coastal Andean Archaic (SE40)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Acculturation and culture contact (177); Woven and other interworked fabrics (286); Structures (340); Tools and appliances (410); Production and supply (433); External trade (439); Labor supply and employment (464); Visual arts (5311); Classes (565); Community structure (621); Community heads (622); Burial practices and funerals (764);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Burger writes about the Late Preceramic period of coastal and highland Peru. He describes their economies, including: food crops, fishing, and long distance trade; arts and artifacts, such as textiles and pyroengraved gourds; mortuary remains; and monumental architecture. He compares coastal Peru with the highlands and discusses possible long distance trade with the Amazon lowlands. The development of "settled village farming and the creation of large public works…seems to have gone hand in hand with collective labor. Life revolved around cooperative efforts" that benefitted the whole community and not individuals (pages 54-55). There is no evidence of a stratified society that used coercion to mobilize the labor force and the community authorities do not seem to have used their power to gain personal wealth or power over the individuals in their communities.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. se40-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document not specified

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2012

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 5000–4000 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) coastal and highland Peru

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Andes Region--Antiquities

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