Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
of Andean Research (New York, N.Y.)
Some early sites in the northern lake Titicaca
Published By: Original publisher
Cambridge, Mass.: The Museum, 1943. vii, 48 p.,
plates: ill., map
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Alfred Kidder, II
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
HRAF, 2003. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Highland Andean Formative (SE48)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Processing of basic materials (320);
Lithic industries (324);
Visual arts (5311);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This article describes Kidder's field work in
Peru in the late 1930s and early 1940s. This work was done before radiocarbon
dating and before a time sequence was worked out for Peru. Most of what is
described are the ceramics and stone sculptures found on the surface of various
sites, including Pucara. As Kidder writes, 'Our own basic assumption, useful for
procedural purposes if its nature is not forgotten, was that the sites here
described are early relative to the Inca and other remains known to be late in
the area, and that they are hence, to some extent at least, contemporaneous with
the Tiahuanaco-Chiripa sequence. The presence of many traits shared with Pucara
is the actual basis for the reasoning.' (page 37). It is not always clear when
the sites and artifacts Kidders writes about existed (so the reader is advised
to use caution). However, Pucara and Chiripa were within the time period so
artifacts with traits that are related to these two sites are probably within
the time period. (Also see Lumbreras and Moseley eHRAF documents nos. 2 and 3
respectively for brief discussions that included the Formative Period or Initial
Period and Early Horizon in the Lake Titicaca basin.)
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
references (p. 43-44)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
1937, 1939, 1941
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry ;
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
western Lake Titcaca
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Indians of South