Conklin, William J.. Architecture of the Chimu: memory, function, and image

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Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Architecture of the Chimu: memory, function, and image

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph The Northern dynasties : kingship and statecraft in Chimor: a symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 12th and 13th October 1985, edited by Michael E. Moseley and Alana Cordy-Collins

Published By: Original publisher The Northern dynasties : kingship and statecraft in Chimor: a symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 12th and 13th October 1985, edited by Michael E. Moseley and Alana Cordy-Collins Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. 1990. 43-74 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication William J. Conklin

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2015. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Chimu (SE75)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Religious and educational structures (346); Settlement patterns (361); Visual arts (5311); Sociocultural trends (178); Cultural participation (184); General character of religion (771); Sacred objects and places (778); Public structures (344); Miscellaneous facilities (368);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The author examines Chimu architecture through images found in ceramics and textiles and by examining architectural remains, tracing changes from the early [i]huacas[/i] from the Initial Period in the Moche Valley through the urban layouts of Chimu. Iconography contains no examples of specific monuments, only generalized [i]huacas[/i], but there are models of domestic structures and scenes of some of the activities that occurred within them. What the Chimu portrayed through iconography and what was not shown are considered clues as to the meanings associated with different types of architecture. Galindo, Pampa Grande, Chan Chan, and Pacatnamu receive particular attention. Galindo is especially important as it was no longer a city dominated by [i]huacas[/i] , probably indicting the advent of secularization. The iconography suggests such mounds contained the power of a deity while the chroniclers’ descriptions imply the mountains were the primary source of sacred power. The plan of Chan Chan hints that the Chimu government may not have been a unified state, because there are no common plazas, water supply, or monuments. Instead, the [i]ciudadelas[/i] seem to have been created as mausoleums to showcase the personal art collection of the person buried there. In contrast, Huaca 1 at Pacatnamu is associated with a Chan Chan-like compound, but there is a unified access system. Although many portable Chimu artifacts were similar in throughout its territory, architecture in the Moche Valley differed from architecture elsewhere.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 20

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. se75-020

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 72-74 )

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document not specified

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2014

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 4000-524 BP (2000 BC-AD 1476)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) coastal La Libertad region (north coast) Peru

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Chimu Indians--Politics and government--Congresses//Chimu Indians--Antiquities--Congresses//Chan Chan Site (Peru)--Congresses//Peru--Antiquities--Congresses


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