Moore, Jerry D.. Household economics and political integration: the lower class of the Chimu empire

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Environmental Setting

Introduction

The Peruvian Coast: Environmental Structure And Dynamics

Humboldt Current

Precipitation And Runoff

Distribution Of Soils

Resource Zones In The Casma Valley

Rocky Open Coast

Sandy Beaches

Gravelly Beaches

Estuaries

Salinas

Riparian Communities

Lomas Vegetation

Agricultural Land

Mineral Resources

Summary And Implications

Chapter 3: Overview To The Fieldwork

Introduction

Rationale Of Fieldwork Strategies

The Sample: Selection And Rationale

Characteristics Of The Archaeological Deposit

Summary

Chapter 4: Description Of Fieldwork

Introduction

Excavations In Unit 211

Introduction

The Upper Occupation

The Lower Occupation

Excavations In Unit 212

Introduction

The Upper Occupation

The Lower Occupation

Excavations In Unit 213

Introduction

The Upper Occupation

Lower Occupation A

Lower Occupation B

Excavations In Unit 214

Introduction

The Upper Occupation

The Middle Occupation

The Lower Occupation

A Stratigraphic Anomaly

Summary

Chapter 5: Theoretical Considerations

Introduction

Chim Political Organizations: Two Models

Lower Class Economics: Implications Of The Models

Lateral Flow Of Production

Level Of State Investment

The Distribution Of Integrative Structure

Integration Of Lower Class The Household Economy: A Theoretical Approach

Summary

Chapter 6: Organization Of Labor

Introduction

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Evidence For Group Maintenance

Evidence For Long-term Occupations

Evidence For Co-residence Of Males And Females

Evidence For Co-residence Of Adults And Children

Discussion

The Temporary Reorganization Of Labor

The Organization Of Labor: Summary

Chapter 7: Patterns Of Production

Introduction

Production: A Working Definition

Patterns Of Production And Types Of Economies

Patterns Of Production And The State

Shellfish Collecting

Introduction

Diversity Of Shellfish Remains

Ocean Fishing

Agricultural Production

Chipped Stone Tool Manufacture

Woodworking

Cotton Textile Production

Camelid Wool Textile Production

Chicha Production

Copper Metallurgy

Conclusion

Chapter 8: Patterns Of Consumption

Introduction

Consumption Of Local Products

Intra-barrio Differences: State Support Of Craft Producers

Calories

Protein

Fats And Oils

Vitamins

Luxury And Exotic Items

Inter-community Differences

Conclusion

Chapter 9: Conclusion

Introduction

Implications Of The Research

References Cited

Appendix I: Midden Constituents From Occupational Layers, Manchan Barrio

Appendix Ii: Density Of Midden Constituents From Occupational Levels, Manchan Barrio

Appendix Iii: Test Pit Descriptions

Introduction

Unit 211

60040

60041

60042

60043

60044

60050

60070

60080

60081 – 60085

60090

60091

Unit 212

60010

60011

60012

60020

60021

60030

60031

60032

60040

60041

60042

Unit 213

60010 – 60016

60017

60020 And 60021

60022 And 60023

60030, 60031 And 60032

60040

60050

60060

Unit 214

60010 – 60013

60020 – 60025

60030 – 60037

215

60010 – 60013

Appendix Iv: Stratigraphic Profiles

Appendix V: Textile Data

Unit 211

60040, Level 2

60040, Level 3

60041, Level 2

60041, Level 3:

60043, Level 2

60043 Level 3: None

60044, Level 2:

60044, Level 3:

60050, Level 2

60070, Level 2

60080, Level 2

60081, Level 2: None

60082, Level 2

60083, Level 2

60084, Level 2

60090, Level 2

60091, Level 2

Unit 212

60010, Level 2

60011, Level 2

60012, Level 2

60013, Level 2

60020, Level 2

60021, Level 2

60030, Level 2

60031, Level 2

60032, Level 2

60040, Level 2

60041, Level 2

60042, Level 2

Unit 213

60010, Level 2

60010, Level 3

60011, Level 2

60011, Level 3

60012, Level 2

60012, Level 3

60013, Level 2

60013, Level 3

60014, Level 2

60014, Level 3

60015, Level 2

60015, Level 3

60016, Level 2

60016, Level 3: None

60017, Level 2

60020, Level 2

60020, Level 3: None

60021, Level 2: None

60022, Level 2

60022, Level 3

60023, Level 2

60023, Level 3

60030, Level 2: None

60031, Level 2

60040, Level 2

60050, Level 2

60050, Level 3

60060, Level 2

60060, Level 3

Unit 214

60010, Level 2

60011, Level 1

60012, Level 1

60013, Level 1

60020, Level 2

60021, Level 2: None

60022, Level 2

60023, Level 1 & 2

60024, Level 2: None

60025, Level 2

60026, Level 2

60030, Level 2

60031, Level 2

60032, Level 2

60033, Level 2

60034, Level 2

60035, Level 2

60036, Level 2

60037, Level 2

60033, Level 5

Appendix Vi: Rim Sherd Profiles

Appendix Vii: Lithic Materials

Description Of Methods

Abbreviations

Unit 211

60040, Level 1

60040, Level 2

60040, Level 3

60040, Level 4

60041, Level 1

60041 Level 2

60041, Level 3

60041, Level 4

60041 5

60042, Level 1

60043, Level 1

60043, Level 2

60043, Level 3

60043, Level 4

60043, Level 5

60044, Level 1

60044, Level 2

60044, Level 3

60044, Level 4

60050, Level 1

60050, Level 2

60050 Level 3: No Lithics

60050, Level 4

60050, Level 5

60070, Level 1

60070, Level 2

60070, Level 3

60070 Level 4: No Lithics

60080, Level 1

60080, Level 2

60080, Level 3

60081, Level 1

60081, Level 2

60081, Level 3

60082, Level 1

60082, Level 2

60082, Level 3

60083, Level 1

60083, Level 2

60084, Level 1

60084, Level 2

60084, Level 3

60090, Level 1

60090, Level 2

60090, Level 3

60090, Level 4

60091, Level 1

60091, Level 2

60091, Level 3

60091, Level 4

Unit 212

60010, Level 1

60010, Level 2

60010 Level 3s No Lithics

60010, Level 4

60010, Level 5

60011, Level 1

60011, Level 2

60011, Level 3

60011, Level 4

60012, Level 1

60012, Level 2

60012, Level 3

60012, Level 4

60012, Level 5: No Lithics

60012, Level 6

60012, Level 7

60010/60012 Level 1: No Lithics

60010/60012 Level 2: No Lithics

60010/60012, Level 3

60010/60012, Level 4

60013, Level 1

60021, Level 1: No Lithics

60021, Level 2: No Lithics

60021, Level 3

60030, Level 1: No Lithics

60030, Level 2

60030, Level 3

60031, Level 1

60031, Level 2: 2.9 Gms Of Lithics Listed; Not Found 9/4/82

60031, Level 3: No Lithics

60031, Level 4

60032, Level 1: No Lithics

60032, Level 2: No Lithics

60032, Level 3: No Lithics

60032, Level 4: 14.9 Gms Of Lithics Listed; Not Found 9/4/82

60040, Level 1

60040, Level 2

60040, Level 3

60040, Level 4: No Lithics

60040, Level 5

60040, Level 6: No Lithics

60040, Level 7: No Lithics

60040, Level 8

60041, Level 1: No Lithics

60041, Level 2

60041, Level 3

60041, Level 4: No Lithics

Unit 213

60010, Level 1

60010, Level 2: 29.9 Gms Of Lithics Recorded; Not Found 9/4/82

60010, Level 3:

60010, Level 4: No Lithics

60011, Level 1

60011, Level 2

60011, Level 3

60011, Level 4: No Lithics

60012, Level 1

60012, Level 2

60012, Level 3

60013, Level 1

60013, Level 2

60013, Level 3

60014, Level 1

60014, Level 2

60014, Level 3

60014, Level 4

60015, Level 1

60015, Level 2

60015, Level 3

60015, Level 4

60016, Level 1

60016, Level 2

60016, Level 3

60016, Level 4

60017, Level 1

60017, Level 2

60017, Level 3

60020, Level 1

60020, Level 2

60021, Level 1

60021, Level 2

60021, Level 3: No Lithics

60022, Level 1

60022, Level 2

60022, Level 3

60022, Level 4

60022, Level 5

60022, Level 1

60023, Level 2

60023, Level 3: No Lithics

60023, Level 4: 6.0 Gms Of Lithics Recorded; Not Found

60030, Level 1

60031, Level 1: No Data

60032, Level 2: No Lithics

60032, Level 3

60040, Level 1

60040, Level 2

60040, Level 3

60050, Level 1

60050, Level 2: No Lithics

60050, Level 3

60050, Level 4

60060, Level 1

60060, Level 2

60060, Level 3

60060. Level 4

Unit 214

60010, Level 1

60010, Level 2

60011, Level 1

60011, Level 2: 2.3 Grams Of Lithics Recorded; Not Found

60012, Level 1

60013, Level 1

60013, Level 2

60020, Level 1

60020, Level 2

60020, Level 3

60021, Level 1; 43.9 Gms Of Lithics Recorded; Not Found

60021, Level 2

60021, Level 3

60021, Level 4

60022, Level 1: No Lithics

60022, Level 2

60023, Level 1/2

60024, Level 1

60024, Level 2

60024, Level 3: No Lithics

60025, Level 1

60025, Level 2

60026, Level 1: No Lithics

60026, Level 2

60026, Level 3: No Lithics

60030, Level 1: No Lithics

60030, Level 2

60030. Level 3

60031, Level 1

60031, Level 2

60031, Level 3

60032, Level 1

60032, Level 2: No Lithics

60032, Level 3

60032, Level 4:

60033, Level 1

60033, Level 2

60033, Level 3

60033, Level 4: No Lithics

60033, Level 5

60034, Level 1

60034, Level 2

60034, Level 3: No Lithics

60034, Level 4: No Lithics

60034, Level 5: No Lithics

60035, Level 1

60035, Level 2

60035, Level 3: No Lithics

60035, Level 4

60036, Level 1

60036, Level 2

60037, Level 1: No Lithics

60037, Level 2:

60037, Level 3

Unit 215

60010, Level 1

60010, Level 2: No Lithics

60011, Level 1

60011, Level 2

60012, Level 1

60012, Level 2: No Lithics

60013, Level 1

60013, Level 2: No Lithics>

Appendix Viii: Miscellaneous Artifacts

Notes On Descriptions

Unit 211

60040, Level 1

60040, Level 2

60040, Level 3

60041, Level 2

60044, Level 3

60050, Level 4

60070, Level 1

60070, Level 4

60080, Level 2

60080, Level 3

60084, Level 2

60084, Level 3

60090, Level 1

60090, Level 4

60091, Level 2

60091, Level 3

60091, Level 4

Unit 212

60010, Level 1

60010, Level 2

60010, Level 3

60010, Level 3

60012, Level 1

60012, Level 4

60012, Level 6

60020, Level 4

60021, Level 1

60021, Level 2

60031, Level 1

60031, Level 2

60031, Level 3

60031, Level 4

60032, Level 2

60032, Level 4

60040, Level 1

60040, Level 2

60040, Level 3

60040, Level 7

60041, Level 2

60041, Level 3

60042, Level 2

Unit 213

60010, Level 1

60010, Level 2

60010, Level 3)

60010, Level 4

60011, Level 1

60012, Level 2

60012, Level 3

60013, Level 1

60013, Level 3

60014, Level 2

60014, Level 3

60015, Level 1

60015, Level 3

60016, Level 2

60017, Level 1

60017, Level 2

60017, Level 3

60020, Level 2

60021, Level 2

60022, Level 1

60022, Level 2

60022, Level 3

60022, Level 4

60022, Level 5

60023, Level 2

60023, Level 3

60030, Level 1

60030, Level 2/3

60031, Level 3

60040, Level 2

60050, Level 3

60060, Level 3

Unit 214

60010, Level 1

60010, Level 2

60011, Level 1

60013, Level 1

60013, Level 2

60020, Level 2

60020, Level 3

60021, Level 1

60022, Level 1

60022, Level 2

60024, Level 1

60025, Level 1

60025, Level 2

60026, Level 1

60030, Level 1

60031, Level 1

60031, Level 2

60032, Level 3

60033, Level 1

60033, Level 2

60034, Level 1

60034, Level 2

60034, Level 3

60034, Level 4

60035, Level 1

60035, Level 2

60036, Level 2

60037, Level 2

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Household economics and political integration: the lower class of the Chimu empire

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International. 1985. xvii, 602 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Jerry Dennis Moore

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2015. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Chimu (SE75)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Archaeological excavation methods (1210); Cultural stratigraphy (912); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Household (592); Production and supply (433); Dwellings (342); Miscellaneous government activities (659); Labor relations (466);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This dissertation is based on excavation of cane-walled structures comprising a lower class neighborhood at Manchan in the Casma Valley, a southern Chimu administrative center with a variety of other structures: adobe brick residences and public architecture, including administrative and funerary compounds; also three non-funerary mounds, low platforms, an unfinished llama corral, and cemeteries. The project tested how archaeological evidence may shed light on ways the imperial Chimu political economy may have manipulated or modified the lower class household economies, with a model of Chimu organization of labor, patterns of production, and patterns of consumption derived from the historically documented Inka. The archaeological evidence indicates a pattern of household self-sufficiency and a low level of state involvement in the domestic economy, except for agriculture. The state may have been involved, for no agricultural tools were found, although there are other possible explanations, like storing tools near fields. Manchan contrasts with the Moche Valley in the Chimu heartland, where evidence indicates the state had a direct and significant role in the economic system via the institutions of redistribution, surplus storage, and corvée labor, closer to the Inka model. The Manchan findings suggest that there were different levels of political integration in different parts of the empire.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 40

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. se75-040

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Proquest number: UM8613663 Doctoral Dissertation--University of California, Santa Barbara, 1985 Includes bibliographical references (p. 400-430) Copy/Scan date 2012

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1981,1982

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2013

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 700-530 BP (AD 1300-1470)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Manchan, Casma district (Casma Valley), Ancash, Peru

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Chimu

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