Early Dynastic Mesopotamia
The Early Dynastic Mesopotamia tradition is found on the lower Tigris, Euphrates, and Diyala river valleys, ca. 4900-4334 BP. The region included some twenty to thirty city-states, each with a principle center linked to smaller towns and villages. Walled cities had a central temple surrounded by auxiliary religious and political buildings, and workshops. The economy was based on irrigation agriculture and animal husbandry. Powerful leaders, often referred to as kings, headed a complex hierarchical political system. Two distinctive artifacts of the period were cylinder seals and votive statues.
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Middle East --Middle East
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