The Manteño tradition of coastal Ecuador dates from 1200 to 410 BP (AD 800 - AD 1590) and was characterized by complex, centralized polities, including urban settlements of thousands of people. The archaeological record also includes civic-ceremonial centers, hilltop ritual sites, cemeteries, residential satellites, and villages and hamlets. The polities apparently were based on family and communal modes of production, and kin organization and social ranking were important. Complex metallurgy was present.
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South America --Northwestern South America
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