The Early Paleo-Indian Tradition, which includes the initial colonization of the Western Hemisphere from Siberia by foot and/or by boat, occurred from more than 14,000 until 10,200 BP (radiocarbon years, or circa 15,500–12,500 BP calibrated). The people were highly mobile nomadic hunter-gatherers, with some fishing and some exploitation of Pleistocene megafauna. They created stone, bone, and ivory tools; evidence for baskets, cordage, and wooden tools exists where preservation is good. High quality tool stone is found far from its sources, indicating exchange between groups and/or high group mobility. Some regional variation in tool types and preferred raw materials appears circa 11,100 BP (13,000 BP calibrated), around the time that the Clovis complex begins.
Select the Tradition Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.
New World --New World
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