Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Arkell, Anthony John, 1898-
Shaheinab: an account of the excavation of a Neolithic occupation site carried out for the Sudan Antiquities Service in 1949-50
Published By: Original publisher
London ; New York: Published for the Sudan Govt. by Oxford University. 1953. xix, 114 p., plates ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
A. J. Arkell
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Khartoum Neolithic (MS50)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Mineral resources (135);
Comparative evidence (171);
Bone, horn, and shell technology (321);
Ceramic technology (323);
Lithic industries (324);
General tools (412);
Cultural stratigraphy (912);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
In this volume Arkell renames the Gouge culture: the Khartoum Neolithic. Two Khartoum Neolithic period sites in Sudan near Khartoum are discussed: Esh Shaheinab, on the west bank of the Nile, and El Qoz, on the right bank of the Nile. Only two radiocarbon dates are available for Esh Shaheinab and Arkell prefered the older date as he thought the Khartoum Neolithic influenced the Fayum Neolithic and therefore the Khartoum Neolithic should be earlier. Hence he dated the site to circa 3900 B.C. The volume mainly discusses the artifacts from the year-round settlement at Esh Shaheinab: the fauna; shell, stone, bone and horn implements; items of personal decoration; hearths; and ceramics. No house remains were found. Only one burial, an infant, was uncovered which may date to the Neolithic period. El Qoz was a much smaller excavation and its artifacts are also discussed. Arkell believed the people of the Khartoum Neolithic were hunters, fishers, and gatherers with no agriculture and were just begining to keep domesticated animals.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references and index
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry ; 1998
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
5900 BP (ca. 3900 B.C.)
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Esh Shaheinab and El Qoz; Sudan
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Neolithic period -- Sudan