Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Arnold, Jeanne E.
Craft specialization in the prehistoric Channel Islands, California
Published By: Original publisher
Berkeley: University of California Press. 1987. xvii, 278 p. ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Jeanne E. Arnold
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Late Southern California (NS50)
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Topography and geology (133);
Mineral resources (135);
Mining and quarrying (316);
Lithic industries (324);
Commercial facilities (366);
General tools (412);
Occupational specialization (463);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Arnold explores the rise of chert microblade production as a craft specialization on Santa Cruz Island. It was a legitimate craft specialization in that a group of individuals practiced this craft to the exclusion of others, there was a standardized method of production, the group controled access to the quarry sites, and they produced microblades in excess of their own needs. These microblades were used to drill the shell beads the Chumash used as money. These changes in the microblade production also helped lead to the emergence of a simple chiefdom level of organization. At least one village, a manufacturing center for these microblades, was established during this period of change. This craft specialization's decline following the introduction of European glass beads and metal needles is also discussed. Arnold comes to these conclusions by her own field work on Santa Cruz Island and by analyzing the archaeological collections of others on Santa Cruz Island and on the mainland.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 261-278)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Sarah Berry ; 1998
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
1150 BP - 205 BP
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Santa Cruz Island, Calif., United States
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
California -- Antiquities