Arnold, Jeanne E.
Complex hunter-gatherer-fishers of prehistoric California: Chiefs,
specialists, and maritime adaptations of the Channel Islands
Published in: American antiquity -- Vol. 57, no. 1
American antiquity -- Vol. 57, no. 1
Menasha, Wis.: Society for American Archaeology, 1992. 60-84
By line: Jeanne E. Arnold
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
HRAF, 2000. Computer File
Late Southern California (NS50)
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
General tools (412);
Chronologies and culture sequences (911);
Arnold presents an overview on the Santa Cruz Island Chumash and
proposes a model of the development of a simple chiefdom society on the Santa
Barbara Channel Islands and presents evidence to support it. Arnold believes
there was a population-natural resource imbalance due to severe climatic changes
circa 850 B.P. - 750 B.P. (1150-1250 A.D.). This caused food shortages which
were offset by intensifiying trade. (The Chumash plank canoe was able to
transport up to two tons of goods and could be used for fishing.) This lead
rising elites to gain control of certain natural resources, such as chert quarry
sites, microblade and bead production, and canoe production and operation to
insure they had materials and means to trade.
Document ID: ns50-002
Includes bibliographical references (p.
Archaeologist - 4,5
Sarah Berry ; 1998
1500 B.P. - 218 B.P.
Santa Cruz Island,
Calif., United States
California -- Antiquities