Arnold, Jeanne E.. Complex hunter-gatherer-fishers of prehistoric California: Chiefs, specialists, and maritime adaptations of the Channel Islands

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Complex hunter-gatherer-fishers of prehistoric California: Chiefs, specialists, and maritime adaptations of the Channel Islands

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph American antiquity -- Vol. 57, no. 1

Published By: Original publisher American antiquity -- Vol. 57, no. 1 Menasha, Wis.: Society for American Archaeology. 1992. 60-84 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Jeanne E. Arnold

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2019. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Late Southern California (NS50)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Climate (132); Fauna (136); Prehistory (172); Diet (262); Ornament (301); General tools (412); Chronologies and culture sequences (911);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Arnold presents an overview on the Santa Cruz Island Chumash and proposes a model of the development of a simple chiefdom society on the Santa Barbara Channel Islands and presents evidence to support it. Arnold believes there was a population-natural resource imbalance due to severe climatic changes circa 850 B.P. - 750 B.P. (1150-1250 A.D.). This caused food shortages which were offset by intensifiying trade. (The Chumash plank canoe was able to transport up to two tons of goods and could be used for fishing.) This lead rising elites to gain control of certain natural resources, such as chert quarry sites, microblade and bead production, and canoe production and operation to insure they had materials and means to trade.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ns50-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 78-84)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document not specified

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist - 4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry ; 1998

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1500 BP - 218 BP (500-1782 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Santa Cruz Island, Calif., United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings California -- Antiquities

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