Arnold, Jeanne E.. Complex hunter-gatherer-fishers of prehistoric California: Chiefs, specialists, and maritime adaptations of the Channel Islands

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Title: Complex hunter-gatherer-fishers of prehistoric California: Chiefs, specialists, and maritime adaptations of the Channel Islands

Published in: American antiquity -- Vol. 57, no. 1

Published By: American antiquity -- Vol. 57, no. 1 Menasha, Wis.: Society for American Archaeology, 1992. 60-84 p.

By line: Jeanne E. Arnold

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Late Southern California (NS50)

Subjects: Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Climate (132); Fauna (136); Prehistory (172); Diet (262); Ornament (301); General tools (412); Chronologies and culture sequences (911);

Abstract: Arnold presents an overview on the Santa Cruz Island Chumash and proposes a model of the development of a simple chiefdom society on the Santa Barbara Channel Islands and presents evidence to support it. Arnold believes there was a population-natural resource imbalance due to severe climatic changes circa 850 B.P. - 750 B.P. (1150-1250 A.D.). This caused food shortages which were offset by intensifiying trade. (The Chumash plank canoe was able to transport up to two tons of goods and could be used for fishing.) This lead rising elites to gain control of certain natural resources, such as chert quarry sites, microblade and bead production, and canoe production and operation to insure they had materials and means to trade.

Document Number: 2

Document ID: ns50-002

Document Type: Journal Article

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 78-84)

Field Date: not specified

Evaluation: Archaeologist - 4,5

Analyst: Sarah Berry ; 1998

Coverage Date: 1500 B.P. - 218 B.P. (500-1782 A.D.)

Coverage Place: Santa Cruz Island, Calif., United States

LCSH: California -- Antiquities

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