Michael A., 1961-
Todd L., 1968-
Ancestral Pueblo population aggregation and
abandonment in the North American Southwest
Published in: Journal of world prehistory -- Vol. 10, no.
Journal of world prehistory -- Vol. 10, no.
New York: Plenum Press, 1996. 375-438 p.: ill.,
By line: Michael A. Adler, Todd van Pool, and Robert D.
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
HRAF, 2012. Computer File
Late Anasazi (NT97)
Sociocultural trends (178);
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Settlement patterns (361);
Community structure (621);
Adler et al. discuss how using different
hypotheses to explain the archaeological data concerning aggregation and
abandonment will emphasize either the factors 'pushing' a population or
community or 'pulling' a population or community to change. 'Our point is that
pull models, generally dependent upon relatively synchronic events, and push
models, which tend to focus on diachronic processes of change, are necessarily
complementary in explaining the pan-regional patterns of aggregation and
abandonment that characterize the occupation of the northern Southwest.
Depending on one's temporal and spatial frames of reference, push and pull
models will have different explanatory potential in explaining how the Pueblo
world and its many regional parts came to be. This complementarity will expand,
rather than restrict, our explanatory potential.' (page 423). Adler et al. also
point out that there were several hundred years when aggregation was adopted and
then abandoned as a settlement strategy before it became the permanent pattern
after AD 1400. This way of transitioning to village life occurred in a similar
way in the southern Levant where it took about 1000 years to become the dominant
pattern. Only the data that pertain to the Late Anasazi period of 700-460 BP (AD
1300-1540) were marked for OCM (Outline of Cultural Materials) codes.
Document ID: nt97-016
1300-500 BP (AD
Arizona, Colorado, New
Mexico, and Utah, United
Indians of North