Aveni, Anthony F.. An assessment of previous studies of the Nazca glyphs

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Title: An assessment of previous studies of the Nazca glyphs

Published in: The lines of Nazca, edited by Anthony Aveni

Published By: The lines of Nazca, edited by Anthony Aveni Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1990.1-40 p.: ill., map

By line: A. F. Aveni

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2015.

Culture: Nazca (SE51)

Subjects: Reviews and critiques (114); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Archaeological survey methods (129); Visual arts (5311); Sacred objects and places (778); Ideas about nature and people (820);

Abstract: The author describes the Nazca lines or geoglyphs, how they were created, their variety, and the line centers. Past research and previous hypotheses about why the lines were created are assessed systematically and in detail, including: as a calendar; to mark astronomical or celestial phenomena; as an intellectual exercise in geometry; for denoting the use of water (especially the line centers); as ceremonial pathways; and purely as works of art. It is urged that the lines be regarded from a culturally Andean perspective, and that multiple purposes are likely. Peak construction is given to be during Nazca phases 3-4, circa 100 BC-AD 100 in the employed chronology. [Note: In addition to the outmoded chronology, the reader is also cautioned that figures were incorrectly labeled in the original; e.g. on page 5 the reference to Fig. 2 should have been to Fig. 1.2a.]

Document Number: 7

Document ID: se51-007

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Note: For bibliographical references see document 12:Aveni (1990, References cited…)

Field Date: 1981, 1984

Evaluation: Archaeoastronomer-4, 5

Analyst: Sarah Berry; 2013

Coverage Date: 2200-1500 BP (200 BC-AD 500)

Coverage Place: "Pampa" (Nazca Lines), El Ingenio and Nazca districts, Nazca, Ica, Peru

LCSH: Nazca culture//Social structure--Peru--History//Nazca Lines Site (Peru)


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