Aveni, Anthony F.. An assessment of previous studies of the Nazca glyphs

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: An assessment of previous studies of the Nazca glyphs

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph The lines of Nazca, edited by Anthony Aveni

Published By: Original publisher The lines of Nazca, edited by Anthony Aveni Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society. 1990. 1-40 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication A. F. Aveni

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2015. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Nazca (SE51)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Reviews and critiques (114); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Archaeological survey methods (129); Visual arts (5311); Sacred objects and places (778); Ideas about nature and people (820);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The author describes the Nazca lines or geoglyphs, how they were created, their variety, and the line centers. Past research and previous hypotheses about why the lines were created are assessed systematically and in detail, including: as a calendar; to mark astronomical or celestial phenomena; as an intellectual exercise in geometry; for denoting the use of water (especially the line centers); as ceremonial pathways; and purely as works of art. It is urged that the lines be regarded from a culturally Andean perspective, and that multiple purposes are likely. Peak construction is given to be during Nazca phases 3-4, circa 100 BC-AD 100 in the employed chronology. [Note: In addition to the outmoded chronology, the reader is also cautioned that figures were incorrectly labeled in the original; e.g. on page 5 the reference to Fig. 2 should have been to Fig. 1.2a.]

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 7

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. se51-007

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: For bibliographical references see document 12:Aveni (1990, References cited…)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1981, 1984

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeoastronomer-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Sarah Berry; 2013

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 2200-1500 BP (200 BC-AD 500)

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) "Pampa" (Nazca Lines), El Ingenio and Nazca districts, Nazca, Ica, Peru

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Nazca culture//Social structure--Peru--History//Nazca Lines Site (Peru)

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