Hemphill, Brian E.. Biological adaptations and affinities of Bronze Age Harappans

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Title: Biological adaptations and affinities of Bronze Age Harappans

Published in: Harappa excavations, 1986-1990: a multidisciplinary approach to third millenium urbanism, edited by Richard H. Meadow

Published By: Harappa excavations, 1986-1990: a multidisciplinary approach to third millenium urbanism, edited by Richard H. Meadow Prehistory Press. 1991. 137-182 p. ill., map

By line: Brian E. Hemphill, John R. Lukacs, K.A.R. Kennedy

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Early Indus (AQ43)

Subjects: Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Organization and analysis of results of research (128); Anthropometry (141); Racial identification (144); Diet (262); Sociocultural trends (178); Tillage (241);

Abstract: In this study, metric data for human skeletal remains from Harappan phase Cemetery R37 at Harappa are used comparatively to examine biological continuity in the Indus Valley and to look for potential effects of a changing diet on dental health and morphology. The data indicate a biological discontinuity during the Early Indus, when the people at the site of Mehrgarh are most similar to people from the Iranian Plateau and the Near East. The authors also compare cranial and dental data from other sites in Pakistan and Afghanistan pertaining to the Indus Neolithic through Vedic traditions with traditions to the west and east, and with some modern populations. Most materials pertaining to the Early Indus tradition are from Chalcolithic Mehrgarh or MR2.

Document Number: 22

Document ID: aq43-022

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 174-182)

Field Date: 1986-1988

Evaluation: Physical Anthropologists-4, 5

Analyst: Sarah Berry; 2015

Coverage Date: 9000-2100 BP

Coverage Place: South Asia and Near East

LCSH: Excavations (Archaeology) -- Pakistan//Harappa Site (Pakistan)

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