Dales, George F.. Summaries of five seasons of research at Harappa (District Sahiwal, Punjab, Pakistan) 1986-1990

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13: Summaries Of Five Seasons Of Research At Harappa (district Sahiwal, Punjab, Pakistan), 1986–1990

First Season: January—mid-april, 1986

Project Objectives

Objectives For The First Season

Description Of Work Accomplished

A. Excavation And Survey

1. Mapping And Grid System

2. Surface Survey

3. Exploratory Trenches

B. Conservation And Site/museum Development

1. Establishment Of Conservation And Preservation Procedures

2. Construction Of Expedition House And Field Laboratory

C. Training Program For Pakistani Graduate Students

Second Season: January-april, 1987

Objectives For The Second Season

Description Of Work Accomplished

A. Excavations And Analyses Of Scientific Samples

1. Harappan Cemetery (r37)

2. Mound Ab

3. Mound E

B. Palaeoenvironmental Studies

1. Palaeozoological And Palaeobotanical Studies

2. Pedological And Palaeoclimatic Studies

C. Conservation And Site/museum Development

D. Training Program

1. Pakistani Graduate Students

2. Conservators

Third Season: January—mid-april, 1988

Objectives For The Third Season

Description Of Work Accomplished

A. Excavations And Analyses Of Scientific Samples

1. Harappan Cemetery (r37)

A. Excavations And Burial Goods

B. Morphometric Analysis

C. Paleopathology

D. Palaeodietary Reconstruction

E. Dental Anthropology

F. Discrete Traits Analysis

G. Conclusion

2. Mound Ab, Deep Sounding

3. Mound E

A. Exploratory Trenches

B. Pottery Kiln

C. Top Of Mound

4. Collection Of Samples For Radiocarbon Dating

5. Studies Of Specific Artifact Categories

A. Pottery

B. Figurines

C. Other Specialized Crafts

B. Palaeoenvironmental Studies

1. Palaeozoological Studies

2. Pedological And Palaeoclimatic Studies

C. Conservation And Site/museum Development

1. Personnel

2. Conservation And Restoration Of Excavated Materials

3. Assistance To Site Curator

D. Training Program

1. Pakistani Graduate Students

2. Conservation And Museum Personnel

Fourth Season: January—march, 1989

Objectives For The Fourth Season

Description Of Work Accomplished

A. Excavations And Analyses Of Scientific Samples

1. Mound E

A. Natural Soil

B. Early Harappan Levels

C. Harappan Levels

2. Mound Ab

3. Collection Of Samples For Analysis And Dating

A. Pottery

B. Figurines

C. Copper Artifacts

D. Stoneware Bangles

E. Faience

F. Ground And Chipped Stone Tools

G. Bead Manufacture

H. Carbon Samples For Dating

B. Palaeoenvironmental Studies

1. Palaeozoological Studies

2. Palaeobotanical Studies

C. Conservation

D. Training Program

1. Pakistani Graduate Students

2. Conservation And Museum Personnel

Fifth Season: January—march, 1990

New Terminology

Objectives For The Fifth Season

Description Of Work Accomplished

A. Excavations

1. Northwestern Corner Of Mound E

2. Southern Slope Of Mound E

B. Analyses Of Specific Classes Of Artifacts

1. Pottery

2. Figurines

3. Inscriptions

4. General

C. Palaeoenvironmental Studies

1. Palaeozoological Studies [see Chapters 7 And 8 In This Volume.]

2. Palaeobotanical Studies

D. Conservation

E. Training Program

1. Pakistani Graduate Students

2. Illustrators

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Author:

Title: Summaries of five seasons of research at Harappa (District Sahiwal, Punjab, Pakistan) 1986-1990

Published in: Harappa excavations, 1986-1990: a multidisciplinary approach to third millenium urbanism, edited by Richard H. Meadow

Published By: Harappa excavations, 1986-1990: a multidisciplinary approach to third millenium urbanism, edited by Richard H. Meadow Prehistory Press. 1991. 183-262 p. ill., maps

By line: George F. Dales, Jonathan Mark Kenoyer, and the staff of the Harappa Project

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Early Indus (AQ43)

Subjects: Culture summary (105); Reviews and critiques (114); Artifact and archive collections (119); Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Organization and analysis of results of research (128); Archaeological survey methods (129); Archaeological excavation methods (1210); Laboratory analysis of materials other than dating methods in archaeology (1212);

Abstract: This document provides a summary of the fieldwork at Harappa since 1986, drawing from preliminary reports to the Government of Pakistan. Each field season’s work is explained separately, which allows the reader to follow the arc of the investigations from year to year. Topics covered include each season’s objectives, who conducted the work, the field and lab training of Pakistani students, where excavation units were placed, what was found, and laboratory and conservation procedures.

Document Number: 23

Document ID: aq43-023

Document Type: Essay

Language: English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 261-262)

Field Date: 1986-1990

Evaluation: Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: Sarah Berry; 2015

Coverage Date: 5338-3500 BP

Coverage Place: Harappa, Punjab, Pakistan

LCSH: Excavations (Archaeology) -- Pakistan//Harappa Site (Pakistan)

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