Särlvik, Ingegerd. Paths towards a stratified society: a study of economic, cultural and social formations in south-west Sweden during the Roman Iron Age and the migration period

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part 1: Introduction

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Archaeological Material And Previous Studies

1.3 The Concept Of Culture And The Evolution Of Complex Societies — A Discussion

Part 2 Economy And Settlement

2.1 Natural Conditions And Economic Potential

2.1.1 Introduction

2.1.2 Climate

2.1.3 The Topography And Geology Of South-west Sweden — A Survey

2.1.4 The Fertility Of The Soil

2.1.5 Vegetation In South-west Sweden

2.1.6 The Fauna Of South-west Sweden

2.1.7 Natural Milieux In South-west Sweden

2.2 Location Of Field Monuments And Archaeological Regions.

2.3 Means Of Subsistence And Possible Crafts

2.3.1 Arable Farming

2.3.2 Stock Raising

2.3.3 Food Gathering

2.3.4 Hunting

2.3.5 Fishing

2.3.6 Salt And Sugar

2.3.7 Textile Working

2.3.8 Metal Working

2.3.9 Pottery Manufacture

2.3.10 Wood-working, Leather-working And Manufacture Of Bone And Antler Objects

2.4 The Settlement Territories

2.4.1 Introduction

2.4.2 Southern Bohuslän

2.4.3 Varnhem

2.4.4 Käringsjön

2.5 Natural Resources And Patterns Of Settlement

2.6 Summary

Part 3: Culture

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Cultural Elements Of The Burial Customs

3.3 Cultural Elements In The Votive Deposits


1. Finnestorp, Larv And Trävattna Parishes.

2. Perstorp And Tåddestorp, Varola Parish.

3. Blackgården, Tidavad Parish.

4. Vännebo, Roasjö Parish.


5. Nederedsten, Kville Parish.

Storegården, Skarstad Parish

Hornborgasjön (lake Hornborga).

The River Tidan.

Bäckabo, Friggeråker Parish.

3.4 Cultural Elements In The Settlement Finds

3.5 Cultural Elements Linked To Artefacts

3.5.1 Gold Objects

3.5.2 Silver Objects

3.5.3 Bronze Objects

3.5.4 Objects Of Iron

3.5.5 Objects Of Amber

3.5.6 Objects Of Organic Material

3.5.7 Cultural Elements In Ceramics

3.6 Summary

Part 4 Social Formations

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Access To Basic Resources And Specialisation

4.3 Cultures And Social Formations

4.4 Chiefdoms And Tribal Societies

4.5 Evolution Into A Stratified Society

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Paths towards a stratified society: a study of economic, cultural and social formations in south-west Sweden during the Roman Iron Age and the migration period

Published By: Original publisher Stockholm: Institute of Archaeology at the University of Stockholm. 1982. 152 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Ingegerd Särlvik

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2002. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Scandinavian Iron Age (E087)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Food quest (220); Animal husbandry (230); Agriculture (240); Ceramic technology (323); Smiths and their crafts (326); Production and supply (433); Burial practices and funerals (764); Prayers and sacrifices (782);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In this study Särlvik examines the archaeological record of southwest Sweden Roman Iron Age (AD 1-400) and Migration Period (400-600) to ascertain the kinds of social formations that existed in the region at that time. She takes a closer look at the artifacts, building constructions, and votive and burial customs from three specific areas: southern Bohuslän, central Västergötland, and south Halland provinces. The subsistence patterns varied with different combinations of farming, stockbreeding, fishing, hunting, and gathering. The evidence seems to point to household- or village-based manufacture of pottery and iron. Long distance trade was negligible (only 29 Roman objects over a six-century period.) Särlvik distinguishes between three different cultures in the region which were part of or connected to nearby cultures in Norway, Jutland, and southern Scandinavia.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 4

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. e087-004

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English with summary in Swedish

Note: Swedish summary: p. 147-152 Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Stockholm, 1982 Includes bibliographical references (p. 127-141) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1938-1977

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2001

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 2000-1300 BP

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) southwest Sweden

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Iron Age--Scandinavia


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